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Back-propagating action potentials in CA1 pyramidal neurons may provide the postsynaptic dendritic depolarization necessary for the induction of long-term synaptic plasticity. The amplitudes of back-propagating action potentials are not all or none but are limited in amplitude by dendritic A-type K+ channels. Previous studies of back-propagating action(More)
The dendrites of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cell dendrites express a high density of transient A-type K(+) channels, which play a critical role in the back-propagation of action potentials and in the determination of dendritic excitability. Recently, arachidonic acid and its nonmetabolizable analogue 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA) were shown to block(More)
We tested the role of changes in extracellular space on synchronization and propagation of epileptiform activity in the dentate gyrus in vitro by manipulating the osmolality of the perfusing solution. Increasing the osmolality reduced the amplitude of the population spikes and slowed the propagation of the epileptiform activity. Decreasing the osmolality(More)
Epileptiform activity, which appears to be endogenous, has been recorded in the granule cells of the dentate gyrus before the onset of synchronized seizure activity and has been termed cellular bursts. It has been postulated that an increase in input to the dentate gyrus causes a local increase in extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o) and a decrease in(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expressed on mast cells are essential for effective host defense against a wide variety of pathogens. Previous studies have demonstrated that both TLR2 agonists Pam3CSK4 and PGN stimulated IL-8 release in human mast cells. To determine the molecular basis for this phenomenon, we utilized human mast cell line LAD2 cells. We found(More)
There was a significant increase in the osmolality of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the anesthetized rats after treatment with 80 mg/kg (but not 39 mg/kg) furosemide and 1 g/kg of mannitol, but not during seizures induced by kainic acid. Furosemide (10 mg/kg) blocked seizure activity by kainic acid, while mannitol (1 g/kg) did not. The results suggest(More)
1. Hippocampal slices bathed in 8 mM potassium and 0-added calcium exhibited spontaneous epileptiform activity in the dentate gyrus. Extracellular recording revealed recurrent prolonged bursts of population spikes and an associated negative DC shift. These episodes were very similar to the in vivo phenomenon termed maximal dentate activation (MDA).(More)
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