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Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) identified in the ribosomal-DNA (rDNA) repeat were used for molecular strain differentiation of the dermatophyte fungus Trichophyton rubrum. The polymorphisms were detected by hybridization of EcoRI-digested T. rubrum genomic DNAs with a probe amplified from the small-subunit (18S) rDNA and adjacent internal(More)
The purpose of this survey was to systematically collect data on individuals with histoplasmosis in Europe over a 5-year period (from January 1995 to December 1999). This included information on where and how the infection was acquired, the patient's risk factors, the causative organism, how the infection was diagnosed and what therapy the patients(More)
Trichophyton rubrum is the commonest cause of dermatophytosis of skin and nail tissue. Molecular characterization of the T. rubrum ribosomal DNA nontranscribed-spacer region revealed two novel tandemly repetitive subelements (TRSs): TRS-1, containing a 27-bp palindromic sequence, and TRS-2. Specific amplification of TRS-1 produced strain-characteristic(More)
Twenty isolates of Tricophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes and 47 isolates of T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale, identified by morphological characteristics, were screened by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the PCR-amplified internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Sixty isolates (14 of 20 T.(More)
We describe a healthy young woman with a localized deep dermal infection on the right side of the chest wall. It was caused by the dermatophyte Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and resolved after two pulses of oral itraconazole 200 mg twice daily for 1 week. As cultural and microscopic features did not enable a precise identification of the fungus, molecular(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine long-term cure and relapse rates after treatment with continuous terbinafine and intermittent itraconazole in onychomycosis. DESIGN Long-term prospective follow-up study. SETTING Three centers in Iceland. SUBJECTS The study population comprised 151 patients aged 18 to 75 years with a clinical and mycological diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of continuous terbinafine with intermittent itraconazole in the treatment of toenail onychomycosis. DESIGN Prospective, randomised, double blind, double dummy, multicentre, parallel group study lasting 72 weeks. SETTING 35 centres in six European countries. SUBJECTS 496 patients aged 18 to 75 years with a(More)
OBJECTIVE A systematic review was performed to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of lipid-based amphotericin B (AmB) formulations and conventional AmB in the treatment of systemic fungal infections. METHODS The literature and unpublished studies were searched using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Biological Abstracts, AIDSLINE, CANCERLIT, CRD database, Cochrane(More)
We undertook a prospective, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre, parallel-group study to compare the efficacy and tolerability of continuous terbinafine (Lamisil) with intermittent itraconazole (Sporanox) in the treatment of toenail onychomycosis. A total of 496 patients (age range 18-75 years) with a clinical diagnosis of dermatophyte(More)