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BACKGROUND Perioperative red blood cell transfusions are commonly used in patients undergoing cardiac surgery to correct anemia caused by blood loss and hemodilution associated with cardiopulmonary bypass circulation. The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that blood transfusion has beneficial effects on sublingual microcirculatory(More)
Despite the common use of red-blood-cell transfusions in clinical practice, actual beneficial effects of red blood cells have never been demonstrated. On the contrary, several studies suggest that red-blood-cell transfusions are associated with higher risks of morbidity and mortality. The effects of the duration of storage on the efficacy of red blood cells(More)
Even though renal hypoxia is believed to play a pivotal role in the development of acute kidney injury, no study has specifically addressed the alterations in renal oxygenation in the early onset of renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Renal oxygenation depends on a balance between oxygen supply and consumption, with the nitric oxide (NO) as a major regulator(More)
The rises in tissue partial pressure of carbon dioxide have been observed in critically ill patients with shock and sepsis for a long time and have been proposed to be an earlier and more reliable marker of tissue hypoxia than traditional markers. However, the mechanisms leading to those increases, especially in sepsis and endotoxemia, are not well(More)
INTRODUCTION We aimed to test whether continuous recombinant human activated protein C (APC) administration would be able to protect renal oxygenation and function during endotoxemia in order to provide more insight into the role of coagulation and inflammation in the development of septic acute kidney injury. METHODS In anesthetized, mechanically(More)
Although it is generally accepted that oxygen-quenched phosphorescence decay traces can be analyzed using the exponential series method (ESM), its application until now has been limited to a few (patho)physiological studies, probably because the reliability of the recovered oxygen tension (pO2) histograms has never been extensively evaluated and lacks(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we investigated whether storage of red blood cells (RBCs) leads to alterations in nitrite reductase activity, hence in altered hypoxia-induced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and methemoglobin formation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Hypoxia-induced NO bioavailability and methemoglobin formation were measured in vitro after nitrite(More)
INTRODUCTION Fluid resuscitation therapy is the initial step of treatment for hemorrhagic shock. In the present study we aimed to investigate the acute effects of acetate-balanced colloid and crystalloid resuscitation on renal oxygenation in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock. We hypothesized that acetate-balanced solutions would be superior in correcting(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical condition associated with a degree of morbidity and mortality despite supportive care, and ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) is one of the main causes of AKI. The pathophysiology of I/R injury is a complex cascade of events including the release of free oxygen radicals followed by damage to(More)