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Rett syndrome is a severe disorder characterized by loss of acquired skills after a period of normal development in infant girls. It is caused mainly by mutations in the MECP2 gene. In this study, we reported mutations in the MECP2 gene in 7 Tunisian patients with classic Rett syndrome. The results showed the presence of a double mutation in 1 patient:(More)
Leigh syndrome is a genetically heterogeneous, neurodegenerative disorder that predominantly affects children and leads to death within months or years. Mutations causing this disease have been found in both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. The present report describes a Tunisian family with a maternally inherited Leigh syndrome harboring the mitochondrial(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase is an essential component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of molecular oxygen by reduced cytochrome c. In this study, the authors report the second mutation associated with Leigh syndrome in the blood and buccal mucosa of 2 affected members of a Tunisian family. It was a novel heteroplasmic missense(More)
Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes might influence the repair activities of the enzymes predisposing individuals to cancer risk. Owing to the presence of these genetic variants, interethnic differences in DNA repair capacity have been observed in various populations. The present study was undertaken to determine the allele and genotype frequencies of(More)
Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3) is an autosomal-recessive liver disease due to mutations in the ABCB4 gene encoding for the MDR3 protein. In the present study, we performed molecular and bioinformatic analyses in PFIC3 patients in order to understand the molecular basis of the disease. The three studied patients with PFIC3 were(More)
Mutations in the SCN1A gene have commonly been associated with a wide range of mild to severe epileptic syndromes. They generate a wide spectrum of phenotypes ranging from the relatively mild generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) to other severe epileptic encephalopathies, including myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI), cryptogenic focal(More)
In this study we performed a systematic sequence analysis of 6 mitochondrial genes (cytochrome oxidase I, cytochrome oxidase II, cytochrome oxidase III, adenosine triphosphate synthase6, ATP synthase8, and cytochrome b] in 66 infertile men suffering from asthenospermia (n = 34) in comparison to normospermic infertile men (n = 32) and fertile men (n = 100)(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder in females, is caused mainly by de novo mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). Rett patients present an apparently normal psychomotor development during the first 6 to 18 months of life. Thereafter, they show a short period of developmental stagnation followed by a(More)
Mitochondrial DNA defects were known to be associated with a wide spectrum of human diseases and patients might present a wide range of clinical features in various combinations. In the current study, we described a patient with psychomotor and neurodevelopmental delay, mild hyperintensity of posterior periventicular white matter, generalized clonic(More)
Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizure plus (GEFS+) is an autosomal dominant disorder. In the literature, 5 responsible genes were identified and 2 novel susceptibility loci for GEFS+ at 2p24 and 8p23-p21 were reported, indicating the genetic heterogeneity of this disorder. The aim of this report is to identify the responsible loci in a large affected(More)
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