Emmy Van Kerkhove

Learn More
In the presence of 6 mmol l-1 Ba2+, known to block the K+ channels in the basal membrane, a rise in bath [K+] ([K+]bl) induced an increase in intracellular K+ concentration ([K+]i) similar in amount and in time course to that obtained in the absence of Ba2+. The presence of active and passive (other than through K+ channels) K+ uptake mechanisms across the(More)
In order to understand the critical role that hydrogen ions play in fluid secretion in Malpighian tubules, intracellular and luminal pH and K+ measurements were performed in isolated Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti). The intracellular pH was 7.03+/-0.05 (n=15 Malpighian tubules (MT)) and the luminal pH was 7.19+/-0.09 (n=99(More)
Mice were exposed to cadmium (Cd) concentrations ranging from 0 to 100mg CdCl(2)/l in the drinking water for 1, 4, 8, 16 and 23 weeks. Urine samples were taken regularly, Cd content was determined in blood, liver, kidney and urine and histological analyses of the kidney were performed. Kidney cortex Cd content increased linearly with time and dose, while(More)
Over the years, anthropogenic factors have led to cadmium (Cd) accumulation in the environment causing various health problems in humans. Although Cd is not a Fenton-like metal, it induces oxidative stress in various animal models via indirect mechanisms. The degree of Cd-induced oxidative stress depends on the dose, duration and frequency of Cd exposure.(More)
Together with type A GABA and strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors, glutamate-gated chloride channels (GluCl) are members of the Cys-loop family of ionotropic receptors, which mediate fast inhibitory neurotransmission. To date, GluCls are found in invertebrates only and therefore represent potential specific targets for insecticides, such as ivermectin(More)
A primary cell culture was developed for efferent dorsal unpaired median (DUM) neurons of the locust. The isolated somata were able to generate Tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive action potentials in vitro. The alpha-like scorpion toxin BmK M1, from the Asian scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch, prolonged the duration of the action potential up to 50 times. To(More)
A simple method is described to establish primary cultures of kidney proximal tubule cells (PTC) on membranes. The permeable membranes represent a unique culture surface, allowing a high degree of differentiation since both apical and basolateral membranes are accessible for medium. Proximal tubule (PT) segments from collagenase-digested mouse renal(More)
A peptide was purified from a 10% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) head/thorax extract of 300,000 ants with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Fluid secretion assay of single isolated Malpighian tubules was used as a bioassay. The purity of F. polyctena diuretic peptide (FopDP) after a two step HPLC protocol was confirmed by means of mass spectrometry(More)
The main target organ for cadmium (Cd) is the kidney, and more specifically the proximal tubular cells. Little is known about the effects of a long-term Cd exposure on the ultrastructure of the kidney and the involvement in tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Therefore, mice were exposed to Cd concentrations varying from 10 to 500 mg CdCl(2)/l in the drinking(More)
1. In epithelial cells of frog skin, potassium ions are recycled across the basolateral membrane via an inward-rectifier, ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP channel). In this study, we show that aldosterone has a stimulatory effect on KATP channel activity and we have investigated the involvement of Na+-H+ exchange and intracellular pH (pHi) in this phenomenon.(More)