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An l-amino amidase from Mycobacterium neoaurum ATCC 25795 responsible for the enantioselective resolution of dl-alpha-methyl valine amide was purified and characterized. The purification procedure included ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration, and anion-exchange chromatography, which resulted in a homogeneous preparation of the enzyme with a(More)
An l-aminopeptidase of Pseudomonas putida, used in an industrial process for the hydrolysis of d,l-amino acid amide racemates, was purified to homogeneity. The highly l-enantioselective enzyme resembled thiol reagent-sensitive alkaline serine proteinases and was strongly activated by divalent cations. It possessed a high substrate specificity for dipeptides(More)
P/2e ratios were calculated from anaerobic chemostat cultures of Paracoccus denitrificans with nitrogenous oxides as electron acceptor. P/2e ratios were calculated, using the Y ATP max values determined for aerobic cultures. When succinate was the carbon and energy source the average P/2e values of the sulphate-and succinate-limited cultures with nitrate as(More)
Recent progress in the chemo-enzymatic production of amino acids is reviewed. Both recently developed commercial processes and potentially important new developments are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the use of acylases, aminopeptidases and hydantoinases. The discovery of D-specific enzymes in combination with racemases is an exciting and promising new(More)
This paper aims to clarify the genetic mechanism that is responsible for the accumulation of cannabigerol (CBG) in certain phenotypes of Cannabis sativa L. CBG is the direct precursor of the cannabinoids CBD, THC and CBC. Plants strongly predominant in CBG have been found in different fibre hemp accessions. Inbred offspring derived from one such individual(More)
During storage, non-feeding stages of entomopathogenic nematodes become visibly more transparent due to depletion of energy reserves. Optical density per unit area (OD per area) of infective juveniles of Steinernerna carpocapsae (All) and two Heterorhabditis isolates (UK211 and HF85) was measured with an image analysis system and compared with neutral lipid(More)
Paracoccus denitrificans was aerobically grown in chemostat culture with succinate or gluconate as carbon source. Due to the presence of two phosphorylation sites in the respiratory chain and the absence of branching, theoretical P/O ratios of 1.71 and 1.82 were calculated for cells growing respectively with succinate and gluconate as carbon source. Using(More)
1. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectra at 8-60 K of NADH-reduced membrane particles prepared from Paracoccus denitrificans grown anaerobically with nitrate as terminal electron acceptor show the presence of iron-sulfur centers 1-4 in the NADH-ubiquinone segment of the respiratory chain. In addition resonance lines at g = 2.058, g = 1.953 and g = 1.88(More)
The conversion is described of phenolsulphonephtalein (phenol red) to 3,3',5,5'-tetrabromophenolsulphonephthalein (bromophenol blue) by bromoper-oxidase from the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. This reaction provides a convenient assay for the detection of bromoperoxidase activity in vitro. Bromoperoxidase was shown to be stable under turnover conditions(More)
Favourable reaction conditions for the enzymatic production of 1-kestose by sucrose-1F-fructosyltransferase, SFT (EC 2.4.1.99) from Aspergillus phoenicis CBS 294.80 mycelium were established. The intracellular enzyme SFT works best at 60°C, exhibits a relatively high thermostability and possesses an alkaline pH optimum. An invertase also present in the(More)