Emmeline E. Calkoen

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The primary unseptated heart tube undergoes extensive remodeling including septation at the atrial, atrioventricular, ventricular, and ventriculo-arterial level. Alignment and fusion of the septal components is required to ensure full septation of the heart. Deficiencies lead to septal defects at various levels. Addition of myocardium and mesenchymal(More)
BACKGROUND LV diastolic vortex formation has been suggested to critically contribute to efficient blood pumping function, while altered vortex formation has been associated with LV pathologies. Therefore, quantitative characterization of vortex flow might provide a novel objective tool for evaluating LV function. The objectives of this study were 1) assess(More)
PURPOSE To develop an alternative method for Vp-assessment using high-temporal velocity-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (VE-MRI). Left ventricular (LV) inflow propagation velocity (Vp) is considered a useful parameter in the complex assessment of LV diastolic function and is measured by Color M-mode echocardiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 43(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the inflow pattern and flow quantification in patients with functional univentricular heart after Fontan's operation using 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with streamline visualization when compared with the conventional 2D flow approach. METHOD Seven patients with functional univentricular heart after Fontan's operation and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate viscous energy loss and the association with three-dimensional (3D) vortex ring formation in left ventricular (LV) blood flow during diastolic filling. THEORY AND METHODS Thirty healthy volunteers were compared with 32 patients with corrected atrioventricular septal defect as unnatural mitral valve morphology and inflow are common in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate trans-left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) blood flow and optimize left ventricular inflow quantification in healthy controls and patients after atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-five patients after AVSD correction and 25 controls underwent 4DFlow MRI. Using streamline visualization in four-(More)
Acquisition techniques related to 4-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) improved rapidly over the last 3 decades. Most importantly, a major improvement was the acceleration of the acquisition, which resulted in a clinically feasible scan duration and led to more comprehensive use of 4D flow MRI in clinical research. This resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND To characterize and directly quantify regurgitant jets of left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) in patients with corrected atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) by four-dimensional (4D)Flow Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR), streamline visualization and retrospective valve tracking. METHODS Medical ethical committee approval and informed(More)
OBJECTIVES Four-dimensional (3 spatial directions and time) velocity-encoded flow magnetic resonance imaging with quantitative particle tracing analysis allows assessment of left ventricular (LV) blood flow organization. Corrected atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) patients have an abnormal left atrioventricular valve shape. We aimed to analyze flow(More)
OBJECTIVES During normal left ventricular (LV) filling, a vortex ring structure is formed distal to the left atrioventricular valve (LAVV). Vortex structures contribute to efficient flow organization. We aimed to investigate whether LAVV abnormality in patients with a corrected atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) has an impact on vortex ring formation. (More)