Emmanuelle Sampol-Manos

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OBJECTIVE The manual injection of a bolus of opioid in patients with brain injury induces an increase in intracranial pressure related to a decrease in mean arterial pressure. Such an effect has not been observed with the use of ketamine. The use of target-controlled infusion would minimize or suppress this adverse effect of opioid. This study evaluated the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of moxifloxacin was studied in 17 mechanically ventilated patients with pneumonia. Patients were given 400 mg of moxifloxacin intravenously. Blood samples and bronchial secretions were taken on days 1 and 4. A dose of 400 mg of moxifloxacin allows one to achieve efficient concentrations in bronchial secretions and plasma.
Ciprofloxacin distribution was assessed in cerebral tissues in 14 patients undergoing craniotomy. The study objective was to determine the brain tissue/serum concentration ratio of ciprofloxacin. Patients received a single intravenous (iv) 200 mg dose of ciprofloxacin. Mean (+/- S.D.) tissue/serum concentration ratios were (mg/kg): parietal fat during(More)
This case report is about a suspected interaction between argatroban, a direct thrombin inhibitor, and cyclosporine, which occurred in a 60-year-old patient after a second heart transplantation. We explored 4 possible mechanisms of interaction, which are an analytical interference, an idiopathic hemodilution, an increase of renal and hepatic clearance, and(More)
BACKGROUND Recently introduced immunosuppressive drugs are more potent to control graft rejection, but current concerns are raised regarding their potential to increase long-term neoplastic and infectious complications. Considering the role of B, T, or natural killer (NK) lymphocyte in controlling alloreactive, anti-infectious, and antitumoral immune(More)
INTRODUCTION Caspofungin treatment is frequently initiated in shock patients. In the present study, we investigated the influence of hypovolaemic shock requiring fluid loading on the plasma and pulmonary pharmacokinetic parameters of caspofungin in the pig. METHODS After being anaesthetised and mechanically ventilated, 12 pigs were bled to induce a(More)
Advances in mass spectrometry instruments have led to increased utilization of high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and it would be necessary to standardize blood quantification of immunosuppressant drugs. The aim of the study was to validate and assess the robustness of an LC-MS/MS method for quantification(More)
The cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) has been shown to be highly involved in the metabolism of many therapeutic agents. To date, several polymorphisms affecting the CYP3A5 gene have been identified but few studies have shown a complete description of the variability of the CYP3A5 in the French population. Therefore, the extent of CYP3A5 genetic polymorphism was(More)
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