Emmanuelle Sacco

Learn More
Ras proteins are small GTPases playing a pivotal role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Their activation depends on the competing action of GTPase activating proteins and guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEF). The properties of two dominant-negative mutants within the catalytic domains of the ras-specific GEF, CDC25(Mm), are described. In(More)
Mutational activation of ras genes is required for the onset and maintenance of different malignancies. Here we show, using a combination of molecular physiology, nutritional perturbations and transcriptional profiling, that full penetrance of phenotypes related to oncogenic Ras activation, including the shift of carbon metabolism towards fermentation and(More)
Bypass of the penicillin-binding proteins by an L,D-transpeptidase (Ldt(fm)) confers cross-resistance to beta-lactam and glycopeptide antibiotics in mutants of Enterococcus faecium selected in vitro. Ldt(fm) is produced by the parental strain D344S although it insignificantly contributes to peptidoglycan cross-linking as pentapeptide stems cannot be used as(More)
For a long time, colicin M was known for killing susceptible Escherichia coli cells by interfering with cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis, but its precise mode of action was only recently elucidated: this bacterial toxin was demonstrated to be an enzyme that catalyzes the specific degradation of peptidoglycan lipid intermediate II, thereby provoking the(More)
Mutational activation of the ras gene is critical for the onset of different malignant phenotypes. We constructed a dominant negative mutant (GEF-DN) of a Ras activator protein (guanine nucleotide-exchange factor) that upon over-expression in k-ras transformed NIH 3T3 fibroblasts strongly reduces intracellular Ras*GTP, reverting these cells to wild-type(More)
Colicins are proteins produced by some strains of Escherichia coli to kill competitors belonging to the same species. Among them, ColM (colicin M) is the only one that blocks the biosynthesis of peptidoglycan, a specific bacterial cell-wall polymer essential for cell integrity. ColM acts in the periplasm by hydrolysing the phosphoester bond of the(More)
The last step of peptidoglycan polymerization involves two families of unrelated transpeptidases that are the essential targets of β-lactam antibiotics. D,D-transpeptidases of the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) family are active-site serine enzymes that use pentapeptide precursors and are the main or exclusive cross-linking enzymes in nearly all bacteria.(More)
Bypass of the d,d-transpeptidase activity of penicillin-binding proteins by an l,d-transpeptidase (Ldtfm) results in resistance to ampicillin and glycopeptides in Enterococcus faecium M9, a mutant obtained by nine consecutive selection steps. Resistance requires activation of a cryptic locus for production of the essential tetrapeptide-containing substrate(More)
  • 1