Emmanuelle Mounetou

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We have previously reported that 4-tert-butyl-[3-(2-chloroethyl)ureido] benzene (4-tBCEU), a potent cytotoxic agent, modulates the synthesis of tubulins, suggesting that its cytotoxicity may be mediated through an antimicrotubule mechanism. Indeed, 4-tBCEU and its 4-iso-propyl (4-isopropyl [3-(2-chloroethyl)ureido] benzene) and 4-sec-butyl (4-sec-butyl(More)
A series of N-aryl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) and derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against a wide panel of tumor cell lines. Systematic structure--activity relationship (SAR) studies indicated that: (i) a branched alkyl chain or a halogen at the 4-position of the phenyl ring or a fluorenyl/indanyl group, (ii) an(More)
We have shown that beta-tubulin was alkylated by a microtubule disrupter, N-4-iodophenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea (ICEU), on a glutamic acid residue at position 198 and not on the previously proposed reactive cysteine 239. ICEU belongs to the 4-substituted-phenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl) urea class that alkylates mainly cellular proteins. Previous studies have(More)
New N-aryl-N'-2-chloroethylureas (CEUs) with enhanced cytotoxicity were developed as antimitotic agents potentially useful in cancer chemotherapy. Highly potent CEUs were obtained by introduction of a branched alkylating chain, the N'-(1-methyl-2-chloro)ethyl group. Their cytotoxic activity was enantio-dependent and induced through specific alkylation of(More)
The development of new anticancer agents with lower toxicity, higher therapeutic index, and weaker tendency to induce resistant phenotypes in tumor cells is a continuous challenge for the scientific community. Toward that end, we showed previously that a new class of soft alkylating agents designed as phenyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) inhibits tumor cell(More)
The triple negative basal-like (TNBL) breast carcinoma is an aggressive and unfavorable prognosis disease. Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase such as Olaparib could represent a promising targeted therapy but their sensitivity against Multidrug Resistance proteins (MDR), which causes resistance, is not well defined. Thus, our work focused on the(More)
A series of O6-(alkyl/aralkyl)guanosines and 2'-deoxyguanosine analogs extended to peracetyl and N2-acetyl derivatives, potentially water soluble, was synthesized. Each was associated with N'-(2-chloroethyl)-N-[2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl]-N'-nitrosourea for in vitro evaluation on M4Beu melanoma cells of their ability to enhance the cytotoxic effect of this(More)
Among other non-antibiotic properties, tetracyclines inhibit matrix metalloproteinases and are currently under study for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Quaternary ammonium conjugates of tetracyclines were synthesized by direct alkylation of the amine function at the 4-position with methyl iodide. When tested in vitro, they inhibited cytokine-induced MMP(More)
Tumor resistances to chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU) are mainly due to O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT). Our laboratory has synthesized a new water-soluble AGT inhibitor. O6-benzyl-N-acetylguanosine (BNAG). We have shown that this compound is able to deplete AGT activity on M4Beu human melanoma cells and to enhance the antitumor power of CENU(More)
In a search for new antineoplastic agents the lead compound N-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea (CEU-22) of a series of 1-aryl-3-(2-chloroethyl)ureas and its iodinated bioisostere CEU-98, were previously selected on the basis of their cytotoxicity and the potent tropism for the intestinal tract (evidenced for CEU-22). In this study, we(More)