Emmanuelle Mounetou

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We have previously reported that 4-tert-butyl-[3-(2-chloroethyl)ureido] benzene (4-tBCEU), a potent cytotoxic agent, modulates the synthesis of tubulins, suggesting that its cytotoxicity may be mediated through an antimicrotubule mechanism. Indeed, 4-tBCEU and its 4-iso-propyl (4-isopropyl [3-(2-chloroethyl)ureido] benzene) and 4-sec-butyl (4-sec-butyl(More)
A series of N-aryl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) and derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against a wide panel of tumor cell lines. Systematic structure--activity relationship (SAR) studies indicated that: (i) a branched alkyl chain or a halogen at the 4-position of the phenyl ring or a fluorenyl/indanyl group, (ii) an(More)
In a search for new antineoplastic agents the lead compound N-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-N′-(2-chloroethyl)urea (CEU-22) of a series of 1-aryl-3-(2-chloroethyl)ureas and its iodinated bioisostere CEU-98, were previously selected on the basis of their cytotoxicity and the potent tropism for the intestinal tract (evidenced for CEU-22). In this study, we(More)
The development of new anticancer agents with lower toxicity, higher therapeutic index, and weaker tendency to induce resistant phenotypes in tumor cells is a continuous challenge for the scientific community. Toward that end, we showed previously that a new class of soft alkylating agents designed as phenyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) inhibits tumor cell(More)
We have shown that beta-tubulin was alkylated by a microtubule disrupter, N-4-iodophenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea (ICEU), on a glutamic acid residue at position 198 and not on the previously proposed reactive cysteine 239. ICEU belongs to the 4-substituted-phenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl) urea class that alkylates mainly cellular proteins. Previous studies have(More)
New N-aryl-N'-2-chloroethylureas (CEUs) with enhanced cytotoxicity were developed as antimitotic agents potentially useful in cancer chemotherapy. Highly potent CEUs were obtained by introduction of a branched alkylating chain, the N'-(1-methyl-2-chloro)ethyl group. Their cytotoxic activity was enantio-dependent and induced through specific alkylation of(More)
The antitumoral profile of the microtubule disrupter N-(4-iodophenyl)-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea (ICEU) was characterised in vitro and in vivo using the CT-26 colon carcinoma cell line, on the basis of the drug uptake by the cells, the modifications of cell cycle, and beta-tubulin and lipid membrane profiles. N-(4-iodophenyl)-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea exhibited a(More)
In a search for more selective anticancer drugs, we have designed nitrogen mustard and nitrosourea conjugates leading to a series of N-4-aryl-N′-2-chloroethylureas (CEUs). The iodinated derivative N-4-iodophenyl-N′-2-chloroethylurea (4-ICEU) has demonstrated significant antineoplastic and antiangiogenic potency in preclinical evaluations. In this study,(More)
Chemoresistance to O(6)-alkylating agents is a major barrier to successful treatment of melanoma. It is mainly due to a DNA repair suicide protein, O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT). Although AGT inactivation is a powerful clinical strategy for restoring tumor chemosensitivity, it was limited by increased toxicity to nontumoral cells resulting(More)
A series of new oxicam derivatives bearing a quaternary ammonium (QA) moiety was synthesized and evaluated in vitro for antiosteoarthritis properties. Propyltrimethyl ammonium 3 and propyldiethylmethyl ammonium 11 stimulated aggrecan expression and mitigated the inhibitory action of IL-1. QA derivative 3 also increased TGF-beta2 and type II receptor(More)