Emmanuelle Kuntz

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Beta-carotene (betaC) supplementation in smokers was unexpectedly associated with increased incidence of lung cancer versus smoking alone. We performed a study in A/J mice to explore possible betaC/cigarette smoke (CS) interactions potentially influencing lung cancer risk in smokers. A/J mice received a diet containing 120 or 600 ppm betaC for six weeks,(More)
CONTEXT Diabetes is associated with the reduction of beta cell mass and activity. Cholecystokinin (CCK) is known to induce growth of the exocrine pancreas and to stimulate insulin secretion. OBJECTIVE We investigated the possible role of CCK-octapeptide (CCK-8) in generating islet cell proliferation in type 1 and type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether epiregulin, a novel member of EGF-related growth factor family, was able to affect proliferation and secretory function of rat insulinoma INS-1E and RINm5F cell lines. A 24 h treatment with epiregulin resulted in a stimulation of INS-1E and RINm5F cells proliferation; this effect was completely blocked in the(More)
High dose beta-carotene supplementation of smokers was associated with increased lung cancer risk in two intervention trials. It was proposed that generation of apocarotenals in smoke-exposed lungs impaired retinoic acid (RA) signaling, leading to squamous metaplasia and cell proliferation. To test this, we compared RA target gene regulation by retinoids,(More)
We investigated the effects of increasing concentrations of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) on the exocrine pancreas of a new model of type 2 diabetic rats due to the partial protection exerted by nicotinamide against the beta-cytotoxic effect of streptozotocin. CCK-8, administered for 8 successive days, exerted a biphasic action on the growth of the(More)