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Accumulating evidence indicates that elevated levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) can increase intestinal epithelial cell proliferation, and thus play a role in colorectal tumorigenesis. PGE(2) exerts its effects through four G-protein-coupled PGE receptor (EP) subtypes, named the EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4. Increased phosphorylation of extracellular(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) phosphorylates the 3-position of phosphatidylinositol to give rise to three signaling phospholipids. Binding of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of Akt to membrane PI(3)P's causes the translocation of Akt to the plasma membrane bringing it into contact with membrane-bound Akt kinase (PDK1 and 2), which phosphorylates(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/phosphatidylinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDPK1)/Akt signaling plays a critical role in activating proliferation and survival pathways within cancer cells. We report the molecular pharmacology and antitumor activity of PHT-427, a compound designed to bind to the pleckstrin homology (PH) binding domain of signaling(More)
Ganglioside GM3 inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent cell proliferation in a variety of cell lines. Both in vitro and in vivo, this glycosphingolipid inhibits the kinase activity of the EGF receptor (EGFR). Furthermore, membrane preparations containing EGFR can bind to GM3-coated surfaces. These data suggest that GM3 may interact directly with(More)
The formation of G-quadruplex structures within the nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) III(1) region of the c-myc promoter and the ability of these structures to repress c-myc transcription have been well established. However, just how these extremely stable DNA secondary structures are transformed to activate c-myc transcription is still unknown.(More)
Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) is a 12 kDa redox protein that is overexpressed in a large number of human tumors. Elevated Trx-1 is associated with increased tumor cell proliferation, inhibited apoptosis, aggressive tumor growth, and decreased patient survival. The molecular mechanisms for the promotion of tumorigenesis by Trx-1 are not known. PTEN is a major tumor(More)
LAMMER kinases (also known as CDC-2-like or CLKs) are a family of dual specificity serine/threonine protein kinases that are found in all sequenced eukaryotic genomes. In the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the LAMMER kinase gene, Lkh1, positively regulates the expression of the antioxidant defense genes, superoxide dismutase 1 (sod1+, CuZn-SOD)(More)
Secondary bile acids have long been postulated to be tumor promoters in the colon; however, their mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we examined the actions of bile acids at the cell membrane and found that they can perturb membrane structure by alteration of membrane microdomains. Depletion of membrane cholesterol by treating with(More)
Measuring intracellular metabolism has increasingly led to important insights in biomedical research. (13)C tracer analysis, although less information-rich than quantitative (13)C flux analysis that requires computational data integration, has been established as a time-efficient method to unravel relative pathway activities, qualitative changes in pathway(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is a bioactive lipid that can elicit a wide range of biological effects associated with inflammation and cancer. The physiological roles of PGE(2) are diverse, mediated in part through activation of key downstream signaling cascades via transmembrane EP receptors located on the cell surface. Elevated levels of COX-2 and(More)