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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) phosphorylates the 3-position of phosphatidylinositol to give rise to three signaling phospholipids. Binding of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of Akt to membrane PI(3)P's causes the translocation of Akt to the plasma membrane bringing it into contact with membrane-bound Akt kinase (PDK1 and 2), which phosphorylates(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that elevated levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) can increase intestinal epithelial cell proliferation, and thus play a role in colorectal tumorigenesis. PGE(2) exerts its effects through four G-protein-coupled PGE receptor (EP) subtypes, named the EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4. Increased phosphorylation of extracellular(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/phosphatidylinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDPK1)/Akt signaling plays a critical role in activating proliferation and survival pathways within cancer cells. We report the molecular pharmacology and antitumor activity of PHT-427, a compound designed to bind to the pleckstrin homology (PH) binding domain of signaling(More)
Ganglioside GM3 inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF)-dependent cell proliferation in a variety of cell lines. Both in vitro and in vivo, this glycosphingolipid inhibits the kinase activity of the EGF receptor (EGFR). Furthermore, membrane preparations containing EGFR can bind to GM3-coated surfaces. These data suggest that GM3 may interact directly with(More)
Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) is a 12 kDa redox protein that is overexpressed in a large number of human tumors. Elevated Trx-1 is associated with increased tumor cell proliferation, inhibited apoptosis, aggressive tumor growth, and decreased patient survival. The molecular mechanisms for the promotion of tumorigenesis by Trx-1 are not known. PTEN is a major tumor(More)
Measuring intracellular metabolism has increasingly led to important insights in biomedical research. (13)C tracer analysis, although less information-rich than quantitative (13)C flux analysis that requires computational data integration, has been established as a time-efficient method to unravel relative pathway activities, qualitative changes in pathway(More)
LAMMER kinases (also known as CDC-2-like or CLKs) are a family of dual specificity serine/threonine protein kinases that are found in all sequenced eukaryotic genomes. In the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the LAMMER kinase gene, Lkh1, positively regulates the expression of the antioxidant defense genes, superoxide dismutase 1 (sod1+, CuZn-SOD)(More)
Computational modeling continues to play an important role in novel therapeutics discovery and development. In this study, we have investigated the use of in silico approaches to develop inhibitors of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of AKT (protein kinase B). Various docking/scoring schemes have been evaluated, and the best combination was selected to(More)
Glycosphingolipids expressed in cancer cells have been implicated in the modulation of tumor cell growth through their interaction with transmembrane signaling molecules such as growth factor receptors. For glycosphingolipids to interact with growth factor receptors, the presence of sialic acid seems to be essential. Stable transfection of a gene encoding a(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men in the United States. The etiological factors that give rise to prostate cancer are not known. Therefore, it is not possible to develop primary intervention strategies to remove the causative agents from the environment. However, secondary(More)