Emmanuelle Gortan

Learn More
Changes in hydraulic conductivity (K(h)) were measured in stems of Laurus nobilis L. during perfusion with KCl, NaCl or sucrose solutions. Ionic solutes induced marked increase of K(h) with respect to deionized water but sucrose had no effect. The kinetics of KCl-induced K(h) increase was measured together with changes in [K(+)] of the perfused solution.(More)
Spatial heterogeneity of gas exchange rates in the leaves of Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco) was investigated. Leaf conductance to water vapour was higher (by about 18%) at the apical regions of leaves than at the basal ones. Local, small-scale measurements of pressure-volume (PV) parameters and water status (performed with a dewpoint hygrometer) revealed(More)
We investigated the hydraulic architecture of young olive trees either self-rooted or grafted on rootstocks with contrasting size-controlling potential. Clones of Olea europea L. (Olive) cv 'Leccino' inducing vigorous scion growth (Leccino 'Minerva', LM) or scion dwarfing (Leccino 'Dwarf', LD) were studied in different scion/rootstock combinations (LD, LM,(More)
• The hydraulic conductance of angiosperm xylem has been suggested to vary with changes in sap solute concentrations because of intervessel pit properties. • The magnitude of the 'ionic effect' was linked with vessel and pit dimensions in 20 angiosperm species covering 13 families including six Lauraceae species. • A positive correlation was found between(More)
Leaf veins undergo cavitation at water potentials (Psi(leaf)) commonly experienced by field-growing plants. Theoretically, embolism reversal should not be possible until xylem pressures rise by several kilopascals of atmospheric pressure, but recent evidence suggests that embolized conduits can be refilled even when surrounded by others at substantial(More)
The ion-mediated enhancement of xylem hydraulic conductivity in angiosperms is thought to be controlled by the pectin chemistry of intervessel pit membranes. However, there is little or no direct evidence on the ultrastructure and chemical nature of pit membranes in species that show an 'ionic effect'. The potential link between the magnitude of the ionic(More)
Changes in hydraulic conductivity (Kh) and pH were measured in stem segments of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) during perfusion with iso-osmotic solutions of KCl, NaCl and sucrose. Sucrose had no effect on Kh while 100 mM NaCl or KCl induced up to 22 and 35 % increase of Kh with respect to deionized water, respectively. Increases in Kh were accompanied by a(More)
Leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf) is known to be an important determinant of plant gas exchange and photosynthesis. Little is known about the long-term impact of different environmental factors on the hydraulic construction of leaves and its eventual consequences on leaf gas exchange. In this study, we investigate the impact of soil water availability on(More)
  • 1