Learn More
Many linkage studies are performed in inbred populations, either small isolated populations or large populations with a long tradition of marriages between relatives. In such populations, there exist very complex genealogies with unknown loops. Therefore, the true inbreeding coefficient of an individual is often unknown. Good estimators of the inbreeding(More)
Mitochondrial DNA instability disorders are responsible for a large clinical spectrum, among which amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like symptoms and frontotemporal dementia are extremely rare. We report a large family with a late-onset phenotype including motor neuron disease, cognitive decline resembling frontotemporal dementia, cerebellar ataxia and(More)
On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10(-21). It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the(More)
We report a clinical and genetic study of a French family among whom febrile convulsions (FC) are associated with subsequent temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in the same individual, without magnetic resonance imaging-identifiable hippocampal abnormalities. Linkage analyses excluded the loci FEB1 and FEB2, previously implicated in FC; the GEFS+1 locus(More)
CHCHD10-related diseases include mitochondrial DNA instability disorder, frontotemporal dementia-amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD-ALS) clinical spectrum, late-onset spinal motor neuropathy (SMAJ), and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2). Here, we show that CHCHD10 resides with mitofilin, CHCHD3 and CHCHD6 within the "mitochondrial contact site and(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a genetically complex disorder, for which new putative susceptibility genes are constantly proposed in the literature. We selected 16 candidate genes involved in biological pathways closely related to the pathology, and for which a genetic association with Alzheimer's disease was previously detected: ACE, BACE1, BDNF, ECE1, HSPG2,(More)
The authors report a family in which two affected first cousins had a severe demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) phenotype. One had related parents, and there were no other affected relatives, suggesting an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Molecular studies showed that a de novo duplication in 17p11.2 and a second mutation in MTMR2 were(More)
The 1000 Genomes Project provides a unique source of whole genome sequencing data for studies of human population genetics and human diseases. The last release of this project includes more than 2,500 sequenced individuals from 26 populations. Although relationships among individuals have been investigated in some of the populations, inbreeding has never(More)
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) dependent lifetime risks (LTRs) for Alzheimer Disease (AD) are currently not accurately known and odds ratios alone are insufficient to assess these risks. We calculated AD LTR in 7351 cases and 10 132 controls from Caucasian ancestry using Rochester (USA) incidence data. At the age of 85 the LTR of AD without reference to APOE(More)
Substantial clinical variability is observed in many Mendelian diseases, so that patients with the same mutation may develop a very severe form of disease, a mild form or show no symptoms at all. Among the factors that may explain these differences in disease expression are modifier genes. In this paper, we review the different strategies that can be used(More)