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Many linkage studies are performed in inbred populations, either small isolated populations or large populations with a long tradition of marriages between relatives. In such populations, there exist very complex genealogies with unknown loops. Therefore, the true inbreeding coefficient of an individual is often unknown. Good estimators of the inbreeding(More)
BACKGROUND The cladistic approach proposed by Templeton has been presented as promising for the study of the genetic factors involved in common diseases. This approach allows the joint study of multiple markers within a gene by considering haplotypes and grouping them in nested clades. The idea is to search for clades with an excess of cases as compared to(More)
Substantial clinical variability is observed in many Mendelian diseases, so that patients with the same mutation may develop a very severe form of disease, a mild form or show no symptoms at all. Among the factors that may explain these differences in disease expression are modifier genes. In this paper, we review the different strategies that can be used(More)
Haplotype frequency estimation in population data is an important problem in genetics and different methods including expectation maximisation (EM) methods have been proposed. The statistical properties of EM methods have been extensively assessed for data sets with no missing values. When numerous markers and/or individuals are tested, however, it is(More)
To test for association between a disease and a set of linked markers, or to estimate relative risks of disease, several different methods have been developed. Many methods for family data require that individuals be genotyped at the full set of markers and that phase can be reconstructed. Individuals with missing data are excluded from the analysis. This(More)
Although variations in allele frequencies at common SNPs have been extensively studied in different populations, little is known about the stratification of rare variants and its impact on association tests. In this paper, we used Affymetrix 500K genotype data from the WTCCC to investigate if variants in three different frequency categories (below 1%,(More)
UNLABELLED FSuite is a user-friendly pipeline developed for exploiting inbreeding information derived from human genomic data. It can make use of single nucleotide polymorphism chip or exome data. Compared with other software, the advantage of FSuite is that it provides a complete suite of scripts to describe and use the inbreeding information. It includes(More)
Finding the genes involved in complex diseases susceptibility and among those genes, localizing the variant sites explaining this susceptibility is a major goal of genetic epidemiology. In this context, haplotypic methods that use the joint information on several markers may be of particular interest. When the number of haplotypes is large, a grouping may(More)
Copy number variants (CNV) can be called from SNP-arrays; however, few studies have attempted to combine both CNV and SNP calls to test for association with complex diseases. Even when SNPs are located within CNVs, two separate association analyses are necessary, to compare the distribution of bi-allelic genotypes in cases and controls (referred to as(More)
Complex human diseases commonly differ in their phenotypic characteristics, e.g., Crohn's disease (CD) patients are heterogeneous with regard to disease location and disease extent. The genetic susceptibility to Crohn's disease is widely acknowledged and has been demonstrated by identification of over 100 CD associated genetic loci. However, relating CD(More)