Emmanuelle Fantino

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Many human hereditary neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats, and anonymous CAG expansions have also been described in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We have isolated and sequenced a novel human cDNA encoding a neuronal, small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (hSKCa3) that contains two arrays of CAG trinucleotide(More)
The Janus kinases (JAKs) are a pivotal family of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that play prominent roles in numerous cytokine signaling pathways, with aberrant JAK activity associated with a variety of hematopoietic malignancies, cardiovascular diseases and immune-related disorders. Whereas the structures of the JAK2 and JAK3 PTK domains have been(More)
Activating alleles of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) such as JAK2(V617F) are central to the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), suggesting that small molecule inhibitors targeting JAK2 may be therapeutically useful. We have identified an aminopyrimidine derivative (CYT387), which inhibits JAK1, JAK2, and tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) at low nanomolar(More)
JAK2, a member of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs), is an important intracellular mediator of cytokine signaling. Mutations of the JAK2 gene are associated with hematologic cancers, and aberrant JAK activity is also associated with a number of immune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. Accordingly, the development of(More)
A recent study has suggested that a polymorphism in the hKCa3 potassium channel may be associated with raised susceptibility to schizophrenia. Despite its modest statistical significance, the study is intriguing for two reasons. First, hKCa3 contains a polymorphic CAG repeat in its coding sequence, with large repeats more common in schizophrenics compared(More)
Mutations in ion channels have been found to cause a variety of mendelian genetic diseases, and polyglutamine repeat expansion is a newly recognized pathogenic mechanism that causes several rare, genetic, late-onset neurological syndromes. Polymorphic polyglutamine tracts are present in a recently described human, calcium-activated potassium channel, KCNN3(More)
c-Fms, a member of the Platelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) receptor family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), is the receptor for macrophage colony stimulating factor (CSF-1) that regulates proliferation, differentiation and survival of cells of the mononuclear phagocyte lineage. Abnormal expression of c-fms proto-oncogene is associated with a(More)
We demonstrate a significant association between longer CAG repeats in the hKCa3/KCNN3 calcium-activated potassium channel gene and schizophrenia in Israeli Ashkenazi Jews. We genotyped alleles from 84 Israeli Jewish patients with schizophrenia and from 102 matched controls. The overall allele frequency distribution is significantly different in patients vs(More)
To determine the importance of a candidate gene KCNN3 (formerly named hSKCa3) in the susceptibility to schizophrenia, we have studied the genotypes of a (CAG)n polymorphism within this gene in the DNAs of the members of 54 multiplex families with this disease. Parametric and nonparametric linkage analysis did not provide evidence for linkage between KCNN3(More)
CYT997 is a wholly synthetic compound that possesses highly potent cytotoxic activity in vitro through inhibition of microtubule polymerization. CYT997 blocks the cell cycle at the G(2)-M boundary, and Western blot analysis indicates an increase in phosphorylated Bcl-2, along with increased expression of cyclin B1. Caspase-3 activation is also observed in(More)