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Many human hereditary neurodegenerative diseases are caused by expanded CAG repeats, and anonymous CAG expansions have also been described in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We have isolated and sequenced a novel human cDNA encoding a neuronal, small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (hSKCa3) that contains two arrays of CAG trinucleotide(More)
Activating alleles of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) such as JAK2(V617F) are central to the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), suggesting that small molecule inhibitors targeting JAK2 may be therapeutically useful. We have identified an aminopyrimidine derivative (CYT387), which inhibits JAK1, JAK2, and tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) at low nanomolar(More)
The Janus kinases (JAKs) are a pivotal family of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that play prominent roles in numerous cytokine signaling pathways, with aberrant JAK activity associated with a variety of hematopoietic malignancies, cardiovascular diseases and immune-related disorders. Whereas the structures of the JAK2 and JAK3 PTK domains have been(More)
We demonstrate a significant association between longer CAG repeats in the hKCa3/KCNN3 calcium-activated potassium channel gene and schizophrenia in Israeli Ashkenazi Jews. We genotyped alleles from 84 Israeli Jewish patients with schizophrenia and from 102 matched controls. The overall allele frequency distribution is significantly different in patients vs(More)
JAK2, a member of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs), is an important intracellular mediator of cytokine signaling. Mutations of the JAK2 gene are associated with hematologic cancers, and aberrant JAK activity is also associated with a number of immune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. Accordingly, the development of(More)
Mutations in ion channels have been found to cause a variety of mendelian genetic diseases, and polyglutamine repeat expansion is a newly recognized pathogenic mechanism that causes several rare, genetic, late-onset neurological syndromes. Polymorphic polyglutamine tracts are present in a recently described human, calcium-activated potassium channel, KCNN3(More)
A recent study has suggested that a polymorphism in the hKCa3 potassium channel may be associated with raised susceptibility to schizophrenia. Despite its modest statistical significance, the study is intriguing for two reasons. First, hKCa3 contains a polymorphic CAG repeat in its coding sequence, with large repeats more common in schizophrenics compared(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease begins in early life and is progressive with the major risk factor being an exaggerated inflammatory response. Currently, assessment of neutrophilic inflammation in early cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease relies on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The chitinase-like protein YKL-40 is raised in sputum and serum of(More)
To determine the importance of a candidate gene KCNN3 (formerly named hSKCa3) in the susceptibility to schizophrenia, we have studied the genotypes of a (CAG)n polymorphism within this gene in the DNAs of the members of 54 multiplex families with this disease. Parametric and nonparametric linkage analysis did not provide evidence for linkage between KCNN3(More)
hKCa3 is a neuronal small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel which contains a polyglutamine tract, encoded by a polymorphic CAG repeat in the gene. Since an association between longer alleles of the CAG repeat and schizophrenia has been reported, we performed haplotype-based haplotype relative risk (HHRR) and transmission disequilibrium (TDT)(More)