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Advances in scattering-based optical imaging technologies offer a new approach to noninvasive point-of-care detection, diagnosis, and monitoring of cancer. Emerging photonics technologies provide a cost-effective means to image tissue in vivo with high resolution in real time. Advancing the clinical potential of these imaging strategies requires the(More)
PURPOSE To describe the diversity of clinical findings associated with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) using wide-field angiography and to update the current classification system. DESIGN Retrospective case series at a single tertiary referral vitreoretinal practice. PARTICIPANTS A total of 174 eyes of 87 subjects were studied. METHODS A(More)
Semiconductor nanocrystals are 1-10nm inorganic particles with unique size-dependent optical and electrical properties due to quantum confinement (so they are also called quantum dots). Quantum dots are new types of fluorescent materials for biological labeling with high quantum efficiency, long-term photostability, narrow emission, and continuous(More)
High-quality nanocrystals formed in organic solvents can be completely solubilized in water using amphiphilic copolymers containing poly(ethylene glycol) or PEG. These copolymers are generated using a maleic anhydride coupling scheme that permits the coupling of a wide variety of PEG polymers, both unfunctionalized and functionalized, to hydrophobic tails.(More)
We have developed a novel nanoparticulate luminescent probe with inherent signal amplification upon interaction with a targeted proteolytic enzyme. This construct may be useful for imaging in cancer detection and diagnosis. In this system, quantum dots (QDs) are bound to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) via a proteolytically degradable peptide sequence to(More)
Short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have become a mainstream tool reliably used to study and silence protein expression. We offer a proof-of-principle demonstration that siRNAs may be modified into a siRNA-based molecular beacon that activates upon binding to sequence-specific mRNA in cells while mediating RNA interference. We successfully demonstrate detection(More)
Both photoswitchable fluorescent nanoparticles and photoactivatable fluorescent proteins have been used for super-resolution far-field imaging on the nanometer scale, but the photoactivating wavelength for such photochemical events generally falls in the near-UV (NUV) region (<420 nm), which is not preferred in cellular imaging. However, using two near-IR(More)
OBJECTIVE Continuous drug delivery to the ocular surface remains difficult due to the rapid tear clearance of topically applied agents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate biodegradable and biocompatible drug delivery systems on the ocular surface using poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) based polymers. METHODS Fluorescein-labeled albumin and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effects of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-1 and -2 gene knockout (KO) on the corneal epithelial response to desiccating stress. METHODS The C57BL/6, JNK1KO, and JNK2KO mice were subjected to desiccating stress (DS) for 5 days. The effects of DS on the corneal epithelium were evaluated by measuring corneal smoothness(More)