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It has been recently suggested that there are likely generic features characterizing the emergence of systems constructed from the self-organization of self-replicating agents acting under one or more selection pressures. Therefore, structures and behaviors at one length scale may be used to infer analogous structures and behaviors at other length scales.… (More)

This paper develops a simplified model for sexual replication within the quasispecies formalism. We assume that the genomes of the replicating organisms are two-chromosomed and diploid, and that the fitness is determined by the number of chromosomes that are identical to a given master sequence. We also assume that there is a cost to sexual replication,… (More)

A kinetic analysis and simulation of the replication reactions of two competing replicators-one non-metabolic (thermodynamic), the other metabolic, are presented. Our analysis indicates that in a rich resource environment the non-metabolic replicator is likely to be kinetically selected for over the metabolic replicator. However, in the more typical… (More)

This study develops a simplified model describing the evolutionary dynamics of a population composed of obligate sexually and asexually reproducing, unicellular organisms. The model assumes that the organisms have diploid genomes consisting of two chromosomes, and that the sexual organisms replicate by first dividing into haploid intermediates, which then… (More)

This paper develops a set of simplified dynamical models with which to explore the conditions under which division of labor leads to optimized system output, as measured by the rate of production of a given product. We consider two models: in the first model, we consider the flow of some resource into a compartment, and the conversion of this resource into… (More)

This paper develops simplified mathematical models describing the mutation-selection balance for the asexual and sexual replication pathways in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, or Baker's yeast. The simplified models are based on the single-fitness-peak approximation in quasispecies theory. We assume diploid genomes consisting of two chromosomes, and we assume… (More)

This article develops mathematical models describing the evolutionary dynamics of both asexually and sexually reproducing populations of diploid unicellular organisms. The asexual and sexual life cycles are based on the asexual and sexual life cycles in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Baker's yeast, which normally reproduces by asexual budding, but switches to… (More)

This article develops a simplified set of models describing asexual and sexual replication in unicellular diploid organisms. The models assume organisms whose genomes consist of two chromosomes, where each chromosome is assumed to be functional if it is equal to some master sequence sigma(0), and non-functional otherwise. We review the previously studied… (More)