Emmanuel Pierrot-Deseilligny

Learn More
In parallel experiments on humans and in the cat it was investigated how the sensitivity of monosynaptic test reflexes to facilitation and inhibition varies as a function of the size of the control test reflex itself. In man the monosynaptic reflex (the Hoffmann reflex) was evoked in either the soleus muscle (by stimulation of the tibial nerve) or the(More)
1. A method to assess changes in presynaptic inhibition of I a afferent terminals in man is proposed. The soleus H reflex was facilitated by a heteronymous I a volley from quadriceps and the amount of reflex facilitation was used to estimate the size of the conditioning I a excitatory post-synaptic potential (e.p.s.p.). It is argued that the size of this(More)
1. Two independent methods were used, in man, to assess changes in presynaptic inhibition of I a terminals at the onset of selective voluntary contractions: (1) measurement of the amount of heteronymous monosynaptic I a facilitation (from the quadriceps muscle to soleus motoneurones) to provide an assessment of the amount of ongoing presynaptic inhibition(More)
The principle of the monosynaptic reflex used as a tool to explore the excitability of the motoneurones (MNs) is explained and the general methodology of the H reflex is described. The different drawbacks inherent in the technique are then considered: mechanisms other than the monosynaptic la excitation of MNs contributing to the H reflex size (limitation(More)
Soleus H-reflex facilitation evoked by a supramaximal conditioning stimulation to the femoral nerve was investigated in 28 healthy control subjects and 35 spastic patients of whom 17 were paraplegics with bilateral spinal cord lesion and 18 were hemiplegics with unilateral cerebral lesion. Heteronymous facilitation from quadriceps to soleus was measured 0.4(More)
Presynaptic inhibition of homonymous Ia afferent terminals to soleus, quadriceps and tibialis anterior motoneurons and of heteronymous Ia fibres from quadriceps to soleus was compared in the same subjects when standing without support and during a control situation (sitting or standing with back support). Changes in presynaptic inhibition of Ia fibres were(More)
Modulation of presynaptic inhibition of Ia afferents projecting monosynaptically to soleus motoneurones was investigated during human gait. Changes in presynaptic inhibition of Ia afferents were deduced from alterations in the amount of heteronymous soleus H-reflex facilitation evoked by a constant femoral nerve stimulation. It has been shown that this(More)
Changes in the firing probability of single motor units in response to electrical stimulation of muscle nerves were used to derive the projections of muscle spindle Ia afferents to the motoneurones of various leg and thigh muscles. Discharges of units in soleus, gastrocnemius medialis, peroneus brevis, tibialis anterior, quadriceps, biceps femoris and(More)
This study addresses the question of the origin of the long-latency responses evoked in flexors in the forearm by afferents from human hand muscles. The effects of electrical stimuli to the ulnar nerve at wrist level were assessed in healthy subjects using post-stimulus time histograms for flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor carpi radialis (FCR)(More)