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X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a severe brain demyelinating disease in boys that is caused by a deficiency in ALD protein, an adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter encoded by the ABCD1 gene. ALD progression can be halted by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We initiated a gene therapy trial in two ALD patients for(More)
The six following genes: zinc finger proteins 164 (ZNF164) and 146 (ZNF146), alpha-galactosyltransferase 1 (GGTA1), SRY-related HMG-box 2 (SOX2), prolactin receptor (PRLR) and elongatin factor 2 (EEF2) have been localized by fluorescent in situ hybridization respectively on bovine and caprine chromosomes 17, 18, 11, 1, 20 and 7 and on sheep chromosomes 17,(More)
The β-haemoglobinopathies are the most prevalent inherited disorders worldwide. Gene therapy of β-thalassaemia is particularly challenging given the requirement for massive haemoglobin production in a lineage-specific manner and the lack of selective advantage for corrected haematopoietic stem cells. Compound β(E)/β(0)-thalassaemia is the most common form(More)
High-level production of β-globin, γ-globin, or therapeutic mutant globins in the RBC lineage by hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy ameliorates or cures the hemoglobinopathies sickle cell disease and beta thalassemia, which are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Considerable efforts have been made in the last 2 decades in devising suitable(More)
A challenge for gene therapy of genetic diseases is to maintain corrected cell populations in subjects undergoing transplantation in cases in which the corrected cells do not have intrinsic selective advantage over nontransduced cells. For inherited hematopoietic disorders, limitations include inefficient transduction of stem cell pools, the requirement for(More)
The goal of the present study was to analyze if sustained delivery of elevated doses of recombinant erythropoietin (Epo), by genetically modified and immunoprotected allogenic cells, was able to correct the chronic anemia, characteristic of a spontaneous mouse model of beta-thalassemia (Hbb thal 1). Mouse C2C12 myoblast cells were transfected with a plasmid(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a single point mutation in the human betaA globin gene that results in the formation of an abnormal hemoglobin [HbS (alpha2betaS2)]. We designed a betaA globin gene variant that prevents HbS polymerization and introduced it into a lentiviral vector we optimized for transfer to hematopoietic stem cells and gene(More)
Achieving long-term pancellular expression of a transferred gene at therapeutic level in a given hematopoietic lineage remains an important goal of gene therapy. Advances have recently been made in the genetic correction of the hemoglobinopathies by means of lentiviral vectors and large locus control region (LCR) derivatives. However, panerythroid beta(More)