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X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a severe brain demyelinating disease in boys that is caused by a deficiency in ALD protein, an adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter encoded by the ABCD1 gene. ALD progression can be halted by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We initiated a gene therapy trial in two ALD patients for(More)
The β-haemoglobinopathies are the most prevalent inherited disorders worldwide. Gene therapy of β-thalassaemia is particularly challenging given the requirement for massive haemoglobin production in a lineage-specific manner and the lack of selective advantage for corrected haematopoietic stem cells. Compound β(E)/β(0)-thalassaemia is the most common form(More)
High-level production of β-globin, γ-globin, or therapeutic mutant globins in the RBC lineage by hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy ameliorates or cures the hemoglobinopathies sickle cell disease and beta thalassemia, which are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Considerable efforts have been made in the last 2 decades in devising suitable(More)
A challenge for gene therapy of genetic diseases is to maintain corrected cell populations in subjects undergoing transplantation in cases in which the corrected cells do not have intrinsic selective advantage over nontransduced cells. For inherited hematopoietic disorders, limitations include inefficient transduction of stem cell pools, the requirement for(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a single point mutation in the human betaA globin gene that results in the formation of an abnormal hemoglobin [HbS (alpha2betaS2)]. We designed a betaA globin gene variant that prevents HbS polymerization and introduced it into a lentiviral vector we optimized for transfer to hematopoietic stem cells and gene(More)
The pathophysiology of ineffective erythropoiesis in β-thalassemia is poorly understood. We report that RAP-011, an activin receptor IIA (ActRIIA) ligand trap, improved ineffective erythropoiesis, corrected anemia and limited iron overload in a mouse model of β-thalassemia intermedia. Expression of growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), an ActRIIA(More)
Achieving long-term pancellular expression of a transferred gene at therapeutic level in a given hematopoietic lineage remains an important goal of gene therapy. Advances have recently been made in the genetic correction of the hemoglobinopathies by means of lentiviral vectors and large locus control region (LCR) derivatives. However, panerythroid beta(More)
Measurements were made by differential scanning calorimetry on small pieces of rabbit kidney permeated with 2, 3-butanediol containing mainly the levo- and dextro-isomers. The critical cooling rates necessary to vitrify the pieces of organ, and the corresponding critical warming rates which are required to avoid crystallization in the vitrified samples,(More)
Numerous studies using erythropoietin (EPO) gene delivery vectors, either viral or nonviral, have shown uncontrolled EPO expression leading to transient or sustained erythrocytosis and, more recently, severe autoimmune anemia. Therefore, there is a need to develop other EPO gene delivery systems that allow sustained and adjustable expression of EPO. We have(More)