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SR 48968 is a potent and selective non-peptide antagonist of the neurokinin A (NK2) receptor. SR 48968 selectively inhibited neurokinin A binding to its receptor and was a competitive antagonist of neurokinin A-mediated contraction of different isolated smooth muscle preparations from various species including human. In vivo, the compound inhibited the(More)
The preclinical pharmacological profile of 6-hydroxy-8-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dimethylethyl]amino]ethyl]-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one monohydrochloride (olodaterol, previously known as BI 1744 CL), a novel, enantiomeric pure, inhaled human beta(2)-adrenoceptor (hbeta(2)-AR) agonist, was compared with marketed drugs, such as salmeterol(More)
The aim of this study was to systematically compare the interaction of the long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists formoterol and salmeterol with short-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists in contracted human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Formoterol or salmeterol at concentrations inducing up to 92 and 94%(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy (intrinsic activity) of formoterol and salmeterol and their duration of action in comparison with other beta-adrenoceptor agonists in isolated human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Potency (-log of the concentration of drug inducing 50%(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the smooth muscle relaxant effects of the novel, selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) type 4 inhibitor, RP 73401 in comparison with the classical PDE 4 inhibitor, rolipram, the non-selective PDE inhibitor, theophylline and the beta-adrenoceptor agonist, isoprenaline on the human, isolated bronchus. 2. At resting(More)
1 The effects of the selective inhibitors of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase type IV (rolipram) and type III (siguazodan) and their interactions with isoprenaline and sodium nitroprusside have been studied in the human isolated bronchus. 2 On bronchi under resting tone rolipram was, in terms of potency (pD2 = 7.77 +/- 0.14, n = 8), very similar to isoprenaline(More)
Indacaterol is a novel beta2-adrenoceptor agonist in development for the once-daily treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The present study evaluated the relaxant effect of indacaterol on isolated human bronchi obtained from lungs of patients undergoing surgery for lung carcinoma. Potency (-logEC50), maximal relaxant effect (Emax)(More)
1. Human isolated bronchi have been investigated as fresh tissue or after storage (7 and 30 days) at -196 degrees C in foetal calf serum containing 1.8 M dimethyl sulphoxide. 2. After cryopreservation, the maximal contractile response to acetylcholine (3 mM) was reduced (approximately 25%) but the difference did not reach significance statistically. Maximal(More)
The possible existence of a beta(3)-adrenoceptor (beta(3)-AR) in human near-term myometrium was investigated by in vitro functional and biochemical studies and analysis of mRNA expression. SR 59119A and SR 59104A and CGP 12177 (two selective agonists and a partial agonist, respectively, of the beta(3)-AR), salbutamol and terbutaline (beta(2)-AR agonists)(More)
Sensitive afferent nerves and the neurokinins they release upon activation are considered to be important in controlling bronchomotor tone. Human isolated bronchi respond to neurokinin A (NKA), substance P (SP), and neurokinin B (NKB) with dose-dependent contractions. The order of potency of the three natural neurokinins is NKA greater than SP greater than(More)