Emmanuel Naline

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SR 48968 is a potent and selective non-peptide antagonist of the neurokinin A (NK2) receptor. SR 48968 selectively inhibited neurokinin A binding to its receptor and was a competitive antagonist of neurokinin A-mediated contraction of different isolated smooth muscle preparations from various species including human. In vivo, the compound inhibited the(More)
The preclinical pharmacological profile of 6-hydroxy-8-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,1-dimethylethyl]amino]ethyl]-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one monohydrochloride (olodaterol, previously known as BI 1744 CL), a novel, enantiomeric pure, inhaled human beta(2)-adrenoceptor (hbeta(2)-AR) agonist, was compared with marketed drugs, such as salmeterol(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy (intrinsic activity) of formoterol and salmeterol and their duration of action in comparison with other beta-adrenoceptor agonists in isolated human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Potency (-log of the concentration of drug inducing 50%(More)
Intranasal administration is a non-invasive route for drug delivery, which is widely used for the local treatment of rhinitis or nasal polyposis. Since drugs can be absorbed into the systemic circulation through the nasal mucosa, this route may also be used in a range of acute or chronic conditions requiring considerable systemic exposure. Indeed, it offers(More)
The oxidative metabolism of xenobiotics is usually explored using the antipyrine test, which consists of determining the production clearances and urinary percentages of three major antipyrine metabolites 4-hydroxyantipyrine, norantipyrine and 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine. The total forms of these compounds are generally determined by high-performance liquid(More)
The aim of this study was to systematically compare the interaction of the long-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists formoterol and salmeterol with short-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists in contracted human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Formoterol or salmeterol at concentrations inducing up to 92 and 94%(More)
Indacaterol is a novel beta2-adrenoceptor agonist in development for the once-daily treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The present study evaluated the relaxant effect of indacaterol on isolated human bronchi obtained from lungs of patients undergoing surgery for lung carcinoma. Potency (-logEC50), maximal relaxant effect (Emax)(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the smooth muscle relaxant effects of the novel, selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) type 4 inhibitor, RP 73401 in comparison with the classical PDE 4 inhibitor, rolipram, the non-selective PDE inhibitor, theophylline and the beta-adrenoceptor agonist, isoprenaline on the human, isolated bronchus. 2. At resting(More)
1. The effects of three endothelins: (i) the classical or human/porcine endothelin (ET-1); (ii) [Trp6, Leu7] endothelin (ET-2) and (iii) [Thr2, Phe4, Thr5, Tyr6, Lys7, Tyr14] endothelin or rat endothelin (ET-3) were tested on the human isolated bronchus. 2. ET-1 produced a concentration-dependent contraction of the human isolated bronchus that proceeded in(More)
On human small isolated bronchi (diameter < 1 mm), but not on larger bronchi (diameter 3-5 mm), substance P (SP) and specific tachykinin SP-preferring neurokinin (NK1) receptor agonists {[beta Ala4, Sar9, Met(O2)11]SP-(4-11), [Sar9, Met(O2)11]SP, [Arg6,Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP-(6-11), and septide; 10(-10) to 10(-6) M} produced a concentration-dependent contraction(More)