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It is now well-established that sensory nerves stimulation in the airway induces bronchoconstriction and inflammation, but also protective reflexes, such as coughing. These effects are mediated through the release of tachykinins (substance P and neurokinin A) and we have recently shown that SR 48968, a tachykinin NK2-receptor antagonist, inhibited cough(More)
(R)-3-(1-[2-(4-benzoyl-2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-morpholin-2-yl)- ethyl]-4-phenylpiperidin-4-yl)-1-dimethylurea (SR 144190) is a new non-peptide antagonist of tachykinin NK2 receptors. SR 144190 potently and selectively inhibited neurokinin A binding to NK2 receptors from various species, including humans. In in vitro functional assays, it was a potent,(More)
Competition between nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) and arginases for their common substrate l-arginine could be involved in the regulation of cholinergic airway reactivity and subsequent airway remodeling. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationships between the expression of this enzymatic balance and the effects of NOS and arginase inhibition(More)
SSR 146977 is a potent and selective antagonist of the tachykinin NK3 receptor. In Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the human tachykinin NK3 receptor, SSR 146977 inhibited the binding of radioactive neurokinin B to NK3 receptors (Ki = 0.26 nM), senktide (10 nM) induced inositol monophosphate formation (IC50 = 7.8-13 nM), and intracellular calcium(More)
Cannabinoids have been shown to inhibit sensory nerve activation in guinea-pigs and humans. Their effects are mediated by specific activation of two types of receptors, named CB(1) and CB(2). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of WIN 55,212-2,(More)
BACKGROUND Roflumilast is the first phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibitor to have been approved for the treatment of COPD. The anti-inflammatory profile of PDE4 inhibitors has not yet been explored in human lung tissues. We investigated the effects of roflumilast and its active metabolite roflumilast-N-oxide on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced release of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency and efficacy (intrinsic activity) of formoterol and salmeterol and their duration of action in comparison with other beta-adrenoceptor agonists in isolated human bronchi. Human bronchi were obtained at thoracotomy from patients with lung cancer. Potency (-log of the concentration of drug inducing 50%(More)
BACKGROUND Bitter-taste receptors (TAS2Rs) have recently been involved in the relaxation of mouse and guinea pig airways, and increased expression of TAS2Rs was shown in blood leucocytes from asthmatic children. We sought to identify and characterize the TAS2Rs expressed in isolated human bronchi and the subtypes involved in relaxation. METHODS Human(More)
Beta2-adrenoceptor agonists are widely used in the treatment of pulmonary diseases. We have investigated the relaxant and anti-inflammatory activities of NCX-950 (alpha'-[[(1,1-dimethylethy)amino]methyl]-4-hydroxy-1,3-benzenedimethanol nitrate) (a nitric oxide-releasing salbutamol) in human isolated bronchi and on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute(More)
INTRODUCTION Lung inflation may have deleterious effects on the alveoli during mechanical ventilation. However, the consequences of stretch during excessive lung inflation on basal tone and responsiveness of human bronchi are unknown. This study was undertaken to devise an experimental model of acute mechanical stretch in isolated human bronchi and to(More)