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Asian Indians who immigrate to northern Europe have lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] than Caucasians, and they develop vitamin D deficiency, rickets, and osteomalacia. We investigated vitamin D metabolism, the effects of 25(OH)D3 on vitamin D metabolism and activity of 25(OH) D-24-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme for degradation of 25(OH)D,(More)
A full-length cDNA encoding a Ca2+-sensing receptor (CaSR) expressed in rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) was identified using rapid amplification of 5'-cDNA ends and primer extension and then cloned into the plasmid vector pCR3.1. The DNA sequence of the DRG CaSR was 99.9% homologous with published rat kidney CaSR in the coding region and 247 bp upstream of(More)
Extracellular calcium (Ca²⁺(e))-induced relaxation of isolated, phenylephrine (PE)-contracted mesenteric arteries is dependent on an intact perivascular sensory nerve network that expresses the Ca²⁺-sensing receptor (CaSR). Activation of the receptor stimulates an endocannabinoid vasodilator pathway, which is dependent on cytochrome P450 and phospholipase(More)
Herein we demonstrate that replicative cellular senescence in vitro results in sharply reduced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor levels, reduced mitogen-evoked IP(3) formation and Ca(2+) release, and Ca(2+) store depletion. Human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) underwent either 30 mean population doublings [mean population doublings (MPDs) thymidine(More)
We provide the first molecular evidence for the presence of a functional serine/threonine phosphatase, calcineurin-A (CN-A), in the osteoclast. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of an osteoclast cDNA library, together with restriction mapping, revealed two isoform sequences, alpha and beta. We then examined the functionality of the detected CN-A by assessing(More)
Clinical obesity is a complex metabolic disorder affecting one in three adults. Recent reports suggest that pregnane X receptor (PXR), a xenobiotic nuclear receptor important for defense against toxic agents and for eliminating drugs and other xenobiotics, may be involved in obesity. Noting differences in ligand specificities between human and mouse PXRs,(More)
The rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) was stably expressed in-frame as an enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion protein in human embryonic kidney (HEK)293 cells, and is functionally linked to changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). RT-PCR analysis indicated the presence of the message for the DRG(More)
The perivascular sensory nerve (PvN) Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) is implicated in Ca(2+)-induced relaxation of isolated, phenylephrine (PE)-contracted mesenteric arteries, which involves the vascular endogenous cannabinoid system. We determined the effect of inhibition of diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase (DAGL), phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), and cytochrome(More)
During development, calcium (Ca) is actively transported by placental trophoblasts to meet fetal nutritional and the skeletal mineralization needs. Maternal exposure to estrogenic pesticides, such as 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane (DDT) and methoxychlor (MTC), has been shown to result in reproductive disorders and/or abnormal fetal(More)
Proximal resistance vessels, such as the mesenteric arteries, contribute substantially to the peripheral resistance. These small vessels of between 100-400 μm in diameter function primarily in directing blood flow to various organs according to the overall requirements of the body. The rat mesenteric artery has a diameter greater than 100 μm. The myography(More)