Emmanuel J Simons

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Immunostaining mouse cochleas for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine beta-hydroxylase suggests that there is a rich adrenergic innervation throughout the auditory nerve trunk and a small dopaminergic innervation of the sensory cell areas. Surgical cuts in the brainstem confirm these dopaminergic fibers as part of the olivocochlear efferent bundle.(More)
We compared the effects of methionine enkephalin and leucine enkephalin on contractions of isolated canine tracheal smooth muscle strips induced by field electrical stimulation (ES) and exogenous acetylcholine (approximately 10(-5) M). Methionine and leucine enkephalin (10(-8) to 10(-5) M), when added at the peak of airway contractions induced by ES at 1(More)
We have developed a drug delivery system for prolonged trans-tympanic antibiotic delivery from a single dose administration. Increased permeability to ciprofloxacin of the intact tympanic membrane (TM) was achieved by chemical permeation enhancers (CPEs--bupivacaine, limonene, sodium dodecyl sulfate); this was also seen by CPEs contained within a hydrogel(More)
Chemical permeation enhancers (CPEs) have the potential to improve access of local anesthetics to the nerve, thereby improving nerve block performance. We assessed the effects of six CPEs on nerve blockade from tetrodotoxin (TTX) and from bupivacaine. Each of the six surfactants, representing three CPE subgroups (anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactants)(More)
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