Emmanuel J Diamantopoulos

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BACKGROUND Although the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in the general population, it is not clear whether its existence is independently associated with CVD in hypertensives. We investigated the presence of MetS in subjects with hypertension and its impact on the incidence of CVD. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Several studies have observed a hypocholesterolemic effect of plant sterols in hypercholesterolemic patients on a balanced diet. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of phytosterol supplementation on risk factors of coronary artery disease in metabolic syndrome patients on a Westernized type diet. METHODS AND RESULTS In a(More)
We evaluated the bacteriological and clinical efficacy of the combination of ciprofloxacin/clindamycin in severe diabetic foot infections and we tried to elucidate the relationship between the vascular status of the lower limbs and the outcome of these infections. Initial empirical antibiotic therapy with ciprofloxacin (300 mg/12 hrs IV) and clindamycin(More)
The H reflex, considered to be the electrically evoked counterpart of the monosynaptic stretch reflex (Hoffman, 1918; Magladery, Teasdall, Park, and Languth, 1952), bypasses the muscle proprioceptors and gives a more direct measure of motor neurone excitability than the mechanically evoked stretch reflex, which additionally depends on the excitability of(More)
The transient reflex depression caudal to a lesion of the spinal cord, 'spinal shock', can be due to depressed excitability of motor neurones and interneurones at the segmental level or to a decrease of fusimotor activity rendering the muscle spindles less sensitive to stretch or to both. In cats Hunt, Meltzer, and Landau (1963) reported a transient(More)
AIM Arterial stiffness, assessed by ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in hypertensives. However, it is unclear whether certain antihypertensive drugs are conducive to the reduction in CVD morbidity and mortality through their beneficial effect on arterial stiffness. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies demonstrated the beneficial impact of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate the association between MedDiet and MetS in a representative sample of the Athenian population in the early 1980s, when MetS had not been established as an entity yet. (More)
Based on the known action of xanthine derivatives on the insulin secretion, the effect of pentoxifylline on carbohydrate homeostasis of type I (IDDM) and type II (NIDDM) diabetics was investigated. Pentoxifylline is known to exert a favorable influence on hemorheological disturbances in such patients. Twenty-four hour blood glucose pattern and insulin(More)