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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite increasing burden of stroke in Africa, prospective descriptive data are rare. Our objective was to describe, in The Gambia, the clinical outcome of stroke patients admitted to the Royal Victoria Teaching Hospital in the capital Banjul, to assess mortality and morbidity, and propose preventive and therapeutic measures. (More)
BACKGROUND Interferon beta is commonly used to treat patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis; however, the treatment is only partially effective in reducing relapses and progression of disability. Corticosteroids are used to treat relapses in patients with multiple sclerosis. We therefore aimed to investigate the combination of cyclic(More)
BACKGROUND Natalizumab (Tysabri) is a monoclonal antibody that was recently approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Our primary objective was to analyse the efficacy of natalizumab on disability status and ambulation after switching patients with RRMS from other disease-modifying treatments (DMTs). METHODS A(More)
As more investigations into factors affecting the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are undertaken, it is becoming increasingly apparent that certain comorbidities and associated symptoms commonly found in these patients differ in incidence, pathophysiology and other factors compared with the general population. Many of these(More)
Natalizumab treatment significantly reduced the annualised relapse rate and MRI activity over 2 years compared with placebo in phase III trials when administered as monotherapy in AFFIRM or in combination with interferon β-1a (IFNβ) in SENTINEL. The post hoc analyses reported here sought to determine the effect of natalizumab treatment on relapse activity(More)
Clinical studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, the mechanism of action of IFN-beta in MS remains unknown. IFN-beta has even been demonstrated to enhance isolated T cell secretion of IFN-gamma, a cytokine proven to be deleterious in MS. However, IFN-beta inhibits(More)
Sciatic nerve palsy is an uncommon complication of cardiac surgery and is thought to be induced by a combination of reduced femoral artery blood flow, small vessel vascular disease or prolonged hypoxia. We here describe a new case which is the first described with transient elevation of antiphospholipid antibodies. Although transient elevation of lupus(More)
Although cerebellar-like ataxia is a well known component of the ataxic hemiparesis (AH), the mechanism of hypermetria in AH has not been established. We describe a patient presenting a left AH following a right pontine infarction. We investigated the ballistic flexion movements of both wrists and the associated agonist and antagonist electromyographic(More)