Emmanuel J. Bartholomé

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite increasing burden of stroke in Africa, prospective descriptive data are rare. Our objective was to describe, in The Gambia, the clinical outcome of stroke patients admitted to the Royal Victoria Teaching Hospital in the capital Banjul, to assess mortality and morbidity, and propose preventive and therapeutic measures. (More)
We studied the secretion of gelatinase B by dendritic cells (DC) generated by culturing human peripheral blood monocytes in granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). First, we found the intracellular expression of gelatinase B on sections of fixed DC pellets. Zymography analysis of the supernatants of DC cultured(More)
BACKGROUND Natalizumab (Tysabri) is a monoclonal antibody that was recently approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Our primary objective was to analyse the efficacy of natalizumab on disability status and ambulation after switching patients with RRMS from other disease-modifying treatments (DMTs). METHODS A(More)
As more investigations into factors affecting the quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are undertaken, it is becoming increasingly apparent that certain comorbidities and associated symptoms commonly found in these patients differ in incidence, pathophysiology and other factors compared with the general population. Many of these(More)
It was observed that interferon beta (IFN-beta) prevents the down-regulation of the interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain (IL-3Ralpha), which spontaneously occurs during culture of human monocytes. The functionality of IL-3R was demonstrated by the fact that IL-3 rescued IFN-beta-treated monocytes from apoptosis. Monocytes cultured in the presence of IFN-beta(More)
The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a heterogenous disease entity characterized by persistent unexplained hypereosinophilia generally complicated by end-organ damage. Correct diagnosis and management are important in order to prevent long-term complications. Furthermore, it appears that HES represents a premalignant state in some patients,(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon beta is commonly used to treat patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis; however, the treatment is only partially effective in reducing relapses and progression of disability. Corticosteroids are used to treat relapses in patients with multiple sclerosis. We therefore aimed to investigate the combination of cyclic(More)
Clinical studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, the mechanism of action of IFN-beta in MS remains unknown. IFN-beta has even been demonstrated to enhance isolated T cell secretion of IFN-gamma, a cytokine proven to be deleterious in MS. However, IFN-beta inhibits(More)
Natalizumab (Tysabri®) is highly efficacious in controlling disease activity in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. As it is one of the more recent therapies for MS, there remains a need for long-term safety and efficacy data of natalizumab in a clinical practice setting. The Tysabri observational program (TOP) is an open-label, multicenter,(More)
We studied the effects of interferon-beta (IFN-beta) on the differentiation of dendritic cells (DC) obtained by culturing plastic-adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from a total of 30 healthy volunteers in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). First, we found that the addition of(More)