Emmanuel Hanon

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BACKGROUND The availability of H5N1 vaccines that can elicit a broad cross-protective immunity against different currently circulating clade 2 H5N1 viruses is a pre-requisite for the development of a successful pre-pandemic vaccination strategy. In this regard, it has recently been shown that adjuvantation of a recombinant clade 1 H5N1 inactivated(More)
A randomised, double-blind study assessing the potential of four adjuvants in combination with recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen has been conducted to evaluate humoral and cell-mediated immune responses in healthy adults after three vaccine doses at months 0, 1 and 10. Three Adjuvant Systems (AS) contained 3-O-desacyl-4'-monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL)(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccination of high-risk groups was started shortly after the emergence of the influenza A (H1N1)2009 pandemic virus. METHODS Healthy adults were enrolled into 2 age strata: 18-60 years and 160 years, and received monovalent influenza vaccine containing 3.75 microg of A/California/2009 (H1N1) hemagglutinin antigen, adjuvanted with AS03A.(More)
The influence of AS03(A), a tocopherol oil-in-water emulsion-based adjuvant system, on humoral and cell-mediated responses to A/California/7/2009 H1N1 pandemic vaccine was investigated. In two observer-blind studies, a total of 261 healthy adults aged 18 to 60 years were randomized to receive either AS03(A)-adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine containing 3.75 μg(More)
CD4(+) T cells are critical for inducing and maintaining efficient humoral and cellular immune responses to pathogens. The CD4(+) T-cell response in human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection has not been studied in detail. However, CD4(+) T cells have been shown to predominate in early lesions in HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic(More)
BACKGROUND Unprecedented spread between birds and mammals of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAI) of the H5N1 subtype has resulted in hundreds of human infections with a high fatality rate. This has highlighted the urgent need for the development of H5N1 vaccines that can be produced rapidly and in sufficient quantities. Potential pandemic(More)
Significantly higher frequencies of tumor necrosis factor alpha- and interleukin-2-secreting human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-specific CD4(+) T cells were present in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients than in those of asymptomatic carriers with similar provirus(More)
An effective virus-like particle (VLP) based prophylactic vaccine designed to protect against persistent infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 and subsequent lesion development will need to induce a strong humoral and cellular immune response capable of providing long-term protection. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of an(More)
Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). We used interferon- gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assays with overlapping peptides spanning the entire HTLV-1 proteome to test whether the HTLV-1-specific CD8(+) T cells differed significantly in frequency or immunodominance hierarchy(More)
Adjuvantation of an H5N1 split-virion influenza vaccine with AS03A substantially reduces the antigen dose required to produce a putatively protective humoral response and promotes cross-clade neutralizing responses. We determined the effect of adjuvantation on antibody persistence and B- and T-cell-mediated immune responses. Two vaccinations with a(More)