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Analysis of intracellular nucleotide and nucleotide sugar contents is essential in studying protein glycosylation of mammalian cells. Nucleotides and nucleotide sugars are the donor substrates of glycosyltransferases, and nucleotides are involved in cellular energy metabolism and its regulation. A sensitive and reproducible ion-pair reverse-phase(More)
Previous results indicated poor sugar consumption and early inhibition of metabolism and growth when Clostridium cellulolyticum was cultured on medium containing cellobiose and yeast extract. Changing from complex medium to a synthetic medium had a strong effect on (i) the specific cellobiose consumption, which was increased threefold; and (ii) the electron(More)
A reinvestigation of cellulose degradation by Clostridium cellulolyticum in a bioreactor with pH control of the batch culture and using a defined medium was performed. Depending on cellulose concentration, the carbon flow distribution was affected, showing the high flexibility of the metabolism. With less than 6.7 g of cellulose liter(-1), acetate, ethanol,(More)
Corynebacterium diphtheriae DtxR is an iron-specific repressor of diphtheria toxin expression and iron homeostasis functions. A homologue, MntR, serves as a manganese-specific repressor of Mn(II) uptake in Bacillus subtilis. When expressed in B. subtilis, DtxR regulates gene expression in response to either iron or manganese with comparable sensitivity.(More)
Clostridium cellulolyticum, a nonruminal cellulolytic mesophilic bacterium, was grown in batch and continuous cultures on cellulose using a chemically defined medium. In batch culture with unregulated pH, less cellulose degradation and higher accumulation of soluble glucides were obtained compared to a culture with the pH controlled at 7.2. The gain in(More)
Continuous cultures, under cellobiose sufficient concentrations (14. 62 mM) using a chemically defined medium, were examined to determine the carbon regulation selected by Clostridium cellulolyticum. Using a synthetic medium, a q(cellobiose) of 2.57 mmol g cells(-1) h(-1) was attained whereas the highest value obtained on complex media was 0.68 mmol g(More)
The metabolic characteristics of Clostridium cellulolyticum, a mesophilic cellulolytic nonruminal bacterium, were investigated and characterized kinetically for the fermentation of cellulose by using chemostat culture analysis. Since with C. cellulolyticum (i) the ATP/ADP ratio is lower than 1, (ii) the production of lactate at low specific growth rate (mu)(More)
The hydrolysis and fermentation of insoluble cellulose were investigated using continuous cultures of Clostridium cellulolyticum with increasing amounts of carbon substrate. At a dilution rate (D) of 0.048 h(-1), biomass formation increased proportionately to the cellulose concentration provided by the feed reservoir, but at and above 7.6 g of cellulose x(More)
In this study, we demonstrate that the cellulosome of Clostridium cellulolyticum grown on xylan is not associated with the bacterial cell. Indeed, the large majority of the activity (about 90%) is localized in the cell-free fraction when the bacterium is grown on xylan. Furthermore, about 70% of the detected xylanase activity is associated with cell-free(More)
During the growth of Clostridium cellulolyticum in chemostat cultures with ammonia as the growth-limiting nutrient, as much as 30% of the original cellobiose consumed by C. cellulolyticum was converted to cellotriose, glycogen, and polysaccharides regardless of the specific growth rates. Whereas the specific consumption rate of cellobiose and of the carbon(More)