Emmanuel G. Fragoulis

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Accurate prognosis is a key factor in establishing optimal therapeutic decisions; yet in the case of bladder cancer (BlCa) current prognostic indicators cannot ensure optimal disease management. Here, we aimed to evaluate the previously unexplored clinical potential of the urological cancer-related miR-145, miR-143 and miR-224 in BlCa. A total of 279(More)
In the present study we demonstrate that enzymatically active l-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) is expressed in U937 cells, an important model of human macrophage function. The mRNA coding for the enzyme was found to be of the neural-type. DDC was detected in both the soluble and membrane fractions. The active molecule is released from the membrane fraction in the(More)
BACKGROUND L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme that was found to be involved in many malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the mRNA expression levels of DDC in prostate tissues and to evaluate its clinical utility in prostate cancer (CaP). METHODS Total RNA was isolated from 118 tissue specimens from(More)
Human RNase κ is an endoribonuclease expressed in almost all tissues and organs and belongs to a highly conserved protein family bearing representatives in all metazoans. To gain insight into the role of cysteine residues in the enzyme activity or structure, a recombinant active form of human RNase κ expressed in Pichia pastoris was treated with alkylating(More)
The activity of the enzyme dopa (3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) decarboxylase, present in the epidermis cells of blowfly larvae, increases during the late third instar under the influence of the steroid hormone, ecdysone. By using the double-labelling technique and immune precipitation with univalent antibody to dopa decarboxylase, we demonstrated that the(More)
L-DOPA decarboxylase has been purified to homogeneity from post mortem removed human kidneys. Homogeneity was examined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) analysis both in the presence and absence of SDS. The enzyme has a molecular weight of 100,000 daltons estimated by gel filtration and 50,000 daltons determined after SDS-PAGE. Human L-DOPA(More)
L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) has been cloned from several species and was shown to undergo alternative splicing within its 5′-untranslated and coding regions. In this report we describe a novel splice variant of DDC mRNA in human tissue, lacking exons 10 - 15 of the full-length transcript but including an alternative exon 10. The isolated alternative human(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies worldwide. The DDC gene encodes L-DOPA decarboxylase, an enzyme catalyzing the decarboxylation of L-DOPA to dopamine. We have recently shown that DDC mRNA is a significant predictor of patients’ prognosis in colorectal adenocarcinoma and prostate cancer.(More)
This work presents evidence on the association of active DDC molecules with membranes in mammalian brain. L-DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) is generally considered to be a cytosolic enzyme. Membrane-associated DDC was detected by immunoblotting and enzymatic assay experiments. DDC activity and immunoreactivity could be partially extracted from mammalian brain(More)