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Microfluidic networks (microFNs) were used to pattern biomolecules with high resolution on a variety of substrates (gold, glass, or polystyrene). Elastomeric microFNs localized chemical reactions between the biomolecules and the surface, requiring only microliters of reagent to cover square millimeter-sized areas. The networks were designed to ensure(More)
We use microfluidic chips to detect the biologically important cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- alpha) with picomolar sensitivity using sub-microliter volumes of samples and reagents. The chips comprise a number of independent capillary systems (CSs), each of which is composed of a filling port, an appended microchannel, and a capillary pump. Each(More)
We are developing a high-resolution printing technique based on transferring a pattern from an elastomeric stamp to a solid substrate by conformal contact. This is an attempt to enhance the accuracy of classical printing to a precision comparable with optical lithography, creating a low-cost, large-area, high-resolution patterning process. First, we(More)
The transport of minute amounts of liquids using microfluidic systems has opened avenues for higher throughput and parallelization of miniaturized bio/chemical processes combined with a great economy of reagents. In this report, we present a microfluidic capillary system (CS) that autonomously transports aliquots of different liquids in sequence: liquids(More)
Autonomous capillary systems (CSs), where liquids are displaced by means of capillarity, are efficient, fast and convenient platforms for many bioanalytical applications. The proper functioning of these microfluidic devices requires displacing accurate volumes of liquids with precise flow rates. In this work, we show how to design capillary pumps for(More)
Supporting Information Proteins were from Sigma and used as received. Antibodies were labelled either with tetramethylrhodamine isothiocyanate (TRITC) or fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). Solutions of proteins and adsorption experiments were done in PBS or in PBS-containing 1% BSA. Bis(sulfosuccinimidyl)suberate (BS 3) was from Pierce,(More)
Autonomous capillary systems (CSs) are microfluidic systems inside which liquids move owing to capillary forces. CSs can in principle bring the high-performances of microfluidic-based analytical devices to near patient and environmental testing applications. In this paper, we show how wettable capillary valves can enhance CSs with novel functionalities,(More)
The microfluidic probe (MFP) is a non-contact, scanning microfluidic technology for local (bio)chemical processing of surfaces based on hydrodynamically confining nanoliter volumes of liquids over tens of micrometers. We present here a compact MFP (cMFP) that can be used on a standard inverted microscope and assist in the local processing of tissue sections(More)
After this the polymer was rigid and could be peeled off carefully from the silicon master. The suspensions were prepared by adding powder to distilled water under constant stirring. The pH was always kept between 4 and 5 by dropwise adding a 2 M solution of hydrochloric acid (Titrisol, Merck, Darmstadt, Germany). Thereafter the suspensions were ball milled(More)