Emmanuel Cognat

Learn More
BACKGROUND While the association between inflammatory bowel diseases and thromboembolic events has long been evident, cerebral venous thrombosis in this context remains rare and underreported. METHODS Among 351 consecutive patients with cerebral venous thrombosis collected in two neurology departments between 1997 and 2009, an analysis of patients with(More)
CADASIL and CARASIL are hereditary small vessel diseases leading to vascular dementia. CADASIL commonly begins with migraine followed by minor strokes in mid-adulthood. Dominantly inherited CADASIL is caused by mutations (n > 230) in NOTCH3 gene, which encodes Notch3 receptor expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Notch3 extracellular domain(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, or CADASIL, one of the most common inherited small vessel diseases of the brain, is characterized by a progressive loss of vascular smooth muscle cells and extracellular matrix accumulation. The disease is caused by highly stereotyped mutations within the(More)
BACKGROUND Management of psychogenic movement disorders (PMDs) is challenging for neurologists and, to date, there is no consensus about their treatment. Recent studies suggested a possible therapeutic effect of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in psychogenic paralysis and tremor. OBJECTIVE To document the clinical impact of TMS in PMDs.(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), caused by dominant mutations in the NOTCH3 receptor in vascular smooth muscle, is a genetic paradigm of small vessel disease (SVD) of the brain. Recent studies using transgenic (Tg)Notch3(R169C) mice, a genetic model of CADASIL, revealed functional defects(More)
INTRODUCTION Small vessel disease (SVD) of the brain is a leading cause of age- and hypertension-related cognitive decline and disability. Cerebral white matter changes are a consistent manifestation of SVD on neuroimaging, progressing silently for many years before becoming clinically evident. The pathogenesis of these changes remains poorly understood,(More)
We report the case of a patient suffering from sudden apathy and pathological gambling-like behaviour after bilateral ischemic lesions involving the dorsal portion of the head of the caudate nuclei and adjacent anterior limb of the internal capsules. This is the first report of the association of an apathy and abnormal gambling behaviour following a stroke(More)
OBJECTIVE CADASIL is a genetic paradigm of cerebral small vessel disease caused by NOTCH3 mutations that stereotypically lead to the extracellular deposition of NOTCH3 ectodomain (Notch3(ECD) ) on the vessels. TIMP3 and vitronectin are 2 extracellular matrix proteins that abnormally accumulate in Notch3(ECD) -containing deposits on brain vessels of mice and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy, the most common heritable small vessel disease of the brain, is caused by dominant mutations in the NOTCH3 receptor that stereotypically lead to age-dependent Notch3ECD deposition in the vessels. NOTCH3 loss of function has been demonstrated(More)
INTRODUCTION Wernicke's encephalopathy, a pathology caused by vitamin B1 (thiamin) deficiency, is often difficult to diagnose and can lead to severe cognitive sequels if left untreated. CASE REPORT We report the case of a 42-year-old HIV-positive women who, four days after recurrent episodes of vomiting, developed severe dysautonomia and symptoms(More)