Emmanuel Chevillotte

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The present study assessed the effects of mild dehydration on cognitive performance and mood of young males. A total of twenty-six men (age 20·0 (sd 0·3) years) participated in three randomised, single-blind, repeated-measures trials: exercise-induced dehydration plus a diuretic (DD; 40 mg furosemide); exercise-induced dehydration plus placebo containing no(More)
Limited information is available regarding the effects of mild dehydration on cognitive function. Therefore, mild dehydration was produced by intermittent moderate exercise without hyperthermia and its effects on cognitive function of women were investigated. Twenty-five females (age 23.0 ± 0.6 y) participated in three 8-h, placebo-controlled experiments(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify whether polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can regulate the expression of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in human adipose tissue. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES The effect of various PUFAS on PPARgamma1 and -gamma2 mRNA expression was investigated in freshly isolated adipocytes(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) could be a possible mediator of insulin resistance. We investigated whether IL-6 could inhibit insulin signaling in human skeletal myotubes and whether suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) could be related to insulin resistance in vivo in humans. IL-6 inhibited insulin signaling and induced SOCS-3 expression in differentiated(More)
Uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) is a mitochondrial membrane transporter expressed in white adipose tissue. We observed that circulating adiponectin levels and adiponectin gene expression in adipose tissue are reduced in UCP2-null mice. We studied whether mitochondrial activity and its control by UCP2 may regulate adiponectin gene expression. In 3T3-L1 cells,(More)
The present study evaluated, using a well-controlled dehydration protocol, the effects of 24 h fluid deprivation (FD) on selected mood and physiological parameters. In the present cross-over study, twenty healthy women (age 25 (SE 0.78) years) participated in two randomised sessions: FD-induced dehydration v. a fully hydrated control condition. In the FD(More)
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