Emmanuel Chazard

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Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a public health is sue. Their detection usually relies on voluntary reporting or medical chart reviews. The objective of this paper is to automatically detect cases of ADEs by data mining. 115 447 complete past hospital stays are extracted from six French, Danish, and Bulgarian hospitals using a common data model including(More)
BACKGROUND Errors related to medication seriously affect patient safety and the quality of healthcare. It has been widely argued that various types of such errors may be prevented by introducing Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) at the point of care. OBJECTIVES Although significant research has been conducted in the field, still medication safety(More)
PURPOSE Medical free-text records enable to get rich information about the patients, but often need to be de-identified by removing the Protected Health Information (PHI), each time the identification of the patient is not mandatory. Pattern matching techniques require pre-defined dictionaries, and machine learning techniques require an extensive training(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) endanger the patients. Their detection and prevention is essential to improve the patients' safety. In the absence of computerized physician order entry (CPOE), discharge summaries are the only source of information about the drugs prescribed during a hospitalization. The French Multierminology Indexer (F-MTI) can help(More)
Dehydration secondary to gastroenteritis is one of the most common reasons for office visits and hospital admissions. The indicator most commonly used to estimate dehydration status is acute weight loss. Post-illness weight gain is considered as the gold-standard to determine the true level of dehydration and is widely used to estimate weight loss in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to provide a definition of big data in healthcare. METHODS A systematic search of PubMed literature published until May 9, 2014, was conducted. We noted the number of statistical individuals (n) and the number of variables (p) for all papers describing a dataset. These papers were classified into fields of study.(More)
Several papers propose to take contexts into account for adverse drug events (ADE) detection and prevention, notably to decrease over-alerting of clinical decision support systems (CDSS). However, no statistical argument has been published till now. This works demonstrates, based on statistical analysis, that contextualization is necessary for ADE detection(More)
INTRODUCTION Diagnoses and medical procedures collected under the French system of information are recorded in a nationwide database, the "PMSI national database", which is accessible for exploitation. Quality of the data in this database is directly related to the quality of coding, which can be of poor quality. Among the proposed methods for the(More)
Every year adverse drug events (ADEs) are known to be responsible for 98,000 deaths in the USA. Classical methods rely on report statements, expert knowledge, and staff operated record review. One of our objectives, in the PSIP project framework, is to use data mining (e.g., decision trees) to electronically identify situations leading to risk of ADEs.(More)
Adverse Drug Events (ADE) due to medication errors and human factors are a major public health issue. They endanger patient safety and cause considerable extra healthcare costs. The European project PSIP (Patient Safety through Intelligent Procedures in medication) aims to identify and prevent ADE. Data mining of the structured hospital data bases will give(More)