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OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in adults, its epidemiological tendencies over time, and its possible key determinants. METHODS We performed a systematic literature review using the keywords "systemic sclerosis," "incidence," "prevalence," and "epidemiology." RESULTS We found 32 articles published from(More)
The inflammatory myopathies are a group of quite proteiform, systemic auto-immune diseases which include polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myopathies. To facilitate the diagnosis, classification criteria (Bohan and Peter, 1975) have been proposed, based essentially on clinical criteria. In addition, over the past fifteen years,(More)
Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis is a rare, systemic, reactive histiocytic disease of unknown aetiology. Autoimmune diseases have previously been reported in association with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis, but whether this is a true association or mere coincidence is not known. Here, we report the case of a 50-year-old woman who had been diagnosed as(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic multisystemic connective tissue disease characterized by progressive fibrosis affecting skin and internal organs. Despite serious efforts to unveil the pathogenic mechanisms of SSc, they are still unclear. High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in affected patients have been shown, and ROS are suggested to play a(More)
Objective The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of abatacept in patients with SLE refractory to conventional treatment in routine clinical practice. Methods This retrospective study included 11 SLE patients treated with abatacept for an active and refractory disease. The primary endpoint was the change in SLE Disease Activity(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Gardasil is associated with a change in the risk of autoimmune disorders (ADs) in young female subjects. DESIGN Systematic case-control study of incident ADs associated with quadrivalent HPV vaccination in young women across France. (More)
OBJECTIVE There are few treatments for reactive arthritis (ReA). Since concentrations of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) are high in the serum and joints of patients with persistent ReA, this cytokine could be targeted in patients who do not respond to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). We(More)
OBJECTIVE Alsace is a region in eastern France with a population of ∼2 million. All residents have high access to health care and an accredited referral center for SSc. Seeking care outside of this region is difficult because of the peculiar geography. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and spatial variation of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently described cytokine that is a strong inducer of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8. The expression of this cytokine is highly increased in the rheumatoid synovium and correlated with the severity of joint inflammation. Little is known regarding the innate(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, on digital ulcer (DU) healing in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Randomised, placebo-controlled study in patients with SSc to assess the effect of sildenafil 20 mg or placebo, three times daily for 12 weeks, on ischaemic DU healing. The primary end point was the time to(More)