Emmanuel Bigler

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Flexural modes are the basic vibrating mode of tuning forks used in quartz wrist watches; they also can be used as the basis for sensors. Very little work, if any, has been done for vibrating beam resonators in GaPO4. In this paper, the possibility of temperature-compensated cuts in GaPO4 is investigated for length-extensional and flexural vibrating modes.(More)
Temperature effects in gallium orthophosphate (GaPO4) vibrating beams are reported. In addition to the well-known, thickness-shear AT-cut, temperature-compensated cuts exist in GaPO4 for length extensional modes. Experimental evidence of a temperature-compensated cut in GaPO4 rectangular beam resonator vibrating in length extension is given.
A model is presented, relating the velocity shifts of surface acoustic waves (SAW) to the six tensor components of quasistatic stresses. Stress sensitivity is then defined through six independent coefficients, whatever the origin of the stress (direct external forces, thermoelastic stresses) might be. These coefficients, depending on crystal anisotropy, are(More)
A perturbation approach has been developed to predict the sensitivity of surface transverse waves (STW) to quasi-static temperature effects. This approach is based on the combination of unperturbed STW characteristics and thermoelastic properties of the substrate. The unperturbed STW parameters are calculated taking piezoelectricity into account. Both cases(More)
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices used in high stability oscillators or filters are generally designed to exhibit a low sensitivity to thermal and mechanical perturbations. Theoretical developments based on variational equations have been proposed to model these phenomena. Mechanical perturbations applied to simple geometries of the propagation substrate(More)
Surface transverse wave (STW) resonators, based on the propagation of high velocity shear horizontal waves on Y-rotated quartz were designed, fabricated and tested. A model is presented to predict the resonant frequency of a 3-grating structure as a function of design parameters such as periodicities, metal thickness, and finger-to-gap ratio. Experimental(More)
Quartz length-extension resonators have already been used to obtain atomically-resolved images by frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. Other piezoelectric materials such as gallium orthophosphate (GaPO(4)), langatate (LGT), and langasite (LGS) could be appropriate for this application. In this paper, the advantages of langasite crystal are(More)