Emmanuel Anim-Danso

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Ice formation next to solid surfaces is important in many biological, materials, and geological phenomena and may be a factor in how they impact various technologies. We have used sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy to study the structure of ice as well as the freezing and melting transition temperatures of water in contact with sapphire substrates.(More)
A focused library of methacrylate terpolymers was synthesized to explore the effects of varying surface chemistry and adhesive peptide ligands on cell function. The chemical diversity of methacrylate monomers enabled construction of a library of polymers in which one can systematically vary the chemical composition to achieve a wide range of contact angle,(More)
Infrared-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy (SFG) was used to directly probe water between polyurethane (PU) and sapphire substrates after exposing samples to liquid water and water vapor. For liquid water, the observation of SFG peaks associated with H2O bands (3000-3400 cm(-1)) and D2O bands (2300-2600 cm(-1)) indicated water molecules diffused(More)
Previous studies have found that superhydrophobic surfaces are effective in delaying freezing of water droplets. However, the freezing process of water droplets on superhydrophobic surfaces depends on factors such as droplet size, surface area, roughness, and cooling rate. The role of surface energy, independent of any other parameters, in delaying freezing(More)
Considering the importance of salt and water on earth, the crystallization of salt hydrates next to solid surfaces has important implications in physical and biological sciences. Heterogeneous nucleation is driven by surface interactions, but our understanding of hydrate formation near surfaces is limited. Here, we have studied the hydrate formation of(More)
Understanding the freezing of salt solutions near solid surfaces is important in many scientific fields. Here we use sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy to study the freezing of a NaCl solution next to a sapphire substrate. During cooling we observe two transitions. The first corresponds to segregation of concentrated brine next to the sapphire(More)
BACKGROUND Hard water is associated with atopic dermatitis (eczema). We wanted to determine if a baby cleanser and its individual components altered free ionized calcium (Ca2+) in a simulated hard water baby bath. For these studies, an in vitro determination of free Ca2+ in a simulated hard water baby bath, and an in vivo exploratory study of free Ca2+(More)
The water/graphene interface has received considerable attention in the past decade due to its relevance in various potential applications including energy storage, sensing, desalination, and catalysis. Most of our knowledge about the interfacial water structure next to graphene stems from simulations, which use experimentally measured water contact angles(More)
Methods for the detection and estimation of diphosgene and triphosgene are described. These compounds are widely used phosgene precursors which produce an intensely colored purple pentamethine oxonol dye when reacted with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid (DBA) and pyridine (or a pyridine derivative). Two quantitative methods are described, based on either UV(More)
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