Emmanuel Andres

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Human natural killer (NK) cells can be subdivided into different populations based on the relative expression of the surface markers CD16 and CD56. The two major subsets are CD56(bright) CD16(dim/) (-) and CD56(dim) CD16(+), respectively. In this review, we will focus on the CD56(bright) NK cell subset. These cells are numerically in the minority in(More)
Vitamin B12 or cobalamin deficiency occurs frequently (> 20%) among elderly people, but it is often unrecognized because the clinical manifestations are subtle; they are also potentially serious, particularly from a neuropsychiatric and hematological perspective. Causes of the deficiency include, most frequently, food-cobalamin malabsorption syndrome (> 60%(More)
The human opportunistic pathogen Serratia marcescens is a bacterium with a broad host range, and represents a growing problem for public health. Serratia marcescens kills Caenorhabditis elegans after colonizing the nematode's intestine. We used C.elegans to screen a bank of transposon-induced S.marcescens mutants and isolated 23 clones with an attenuated(More)
Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare disease characterized by the simultaneous or sequential development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and/or immune neutropenia. To better describe the characteristics and outcome of ES in adults, a survey was initiated in 2005. The data from 68 patients (60% of them women) fulfilling(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that oral cobalamin (vitamin (B12)) therapy may be an effective therapy for treating cobalamin deficiencies related to food-cobalamin malabsorption. However, the duration of this treatment was not determined. PATIENTS AND METHOD In an open-label, nonplacebo study, we studied 30 patients with established cobalamin(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are key players in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. As a result of suppressive effects on CD4+ and CD8+ effector T cells, Treg control the adaptive immune system and prevent autoimmunity. In addition, they inhibit B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and monocytes/macrophages. It is interesting that several recent papers show(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis or acute neutropenia is an adverse event resulting in a neutrophil count of under 0.5 x 10/l. Patients with such severe neutropenia are likely to experience life-threatening and sometimes fatal infections. RECENT FINDINGS Over the last 20 years, the incidence of idiosyncratic drug-induced(More)
BACKGROUND The standard treatment for cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) deficiency involves regular intramuscular cobalamin injection. It has been suggested that oral cobalamin therapy may be effective for treating patients who have food-cobalamin malabsorption. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We prospectively studied 10 patients with cobalamin deficiency and(More)
With the introduction of automated assays for measuring serum cobalamin levels over the last decades, the hematological manifestations related to cobalamin deficiency have been changed from the description reported in 'old' studies or textbooks. We studied the hematological manifestations or abnormalities in 201 patients (median age: 67 +/- 6 years) with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Adult Still's disease is one of the febrile disorders of unknown etiology, characterized by high fever, transient cutaneous rash and leukocytosis. Liver dysfunction in adult Still's disease has been described in some case reports. The objective of this study was to analyze the pattern and the frequency of liver abnormalities in a monocenter(More)