Emmanouil Spanoudakis

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Down-regulation of conventional human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II molecules from the surface of tumor cells is an important mechanism for tumor immune evasion, survival, and progression. Whether CD1d, a nonconventional, glycolipid-presenting HLA class I-like molecule instructing the function of the immunoregulatory invariant NKT cells can affect(More)
Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells) are a small subset of immunoregulatory T cells highly conserved in humans and mice. On activation by glycolipids presented by the MHC-like molecule CD1d, iNKT cells promptly secrete T helper 1 and 2 (Th1/2) cytokines but also cytokines with hematopoietic potential such as GM-CSF. Here, we show that the myeloid(More)
Immunophenotyping is indispensable in the differential diagnosis of B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders (B-CLPDs). However, B-CLPDs often show overlapping immunophenotypic profiles and may be diagnostically challenging. CD1d is an HLA class I-like molecule that presents glycolipids to invariant natural killer T cells. Normal mature B cells(More)
INTRODUCTION Acquired pure red cell aplasia is a rare disorder, usually appearing secondary to various pathologic conditions such as thymoma, systemic autoimmune diseases or in the course of lymphomas. Conventional treatment consists of immunosuppression with corticosteroids, antithymocyte globulin or cyclosporin-A. CASE PRESENTATION 8 weekly courses of(More)
Upregulation of soluble or membrane bound receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) in the multiple myeloma (MM) microenvironment is pivotal for the pathological activation of osteoclasts and development of myeloma bone disease. 1 This process largely depends on the ability of malignant plasma cells to provoke apoptosis of osteocytes. 2(More)
Part of the variation in personality characteristics has been attributed to the child-parent interaction and sub-optimal parenting has been associated with psychiatric morbidity. In the present study, an extensive battery of personality scales (Trait Anxiety Inventory, Behavioural Inhibition/Activation System questionnaire, Eysenck Personality(More)
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