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CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T regulatory cells (T(regs)) prevent autoimmunity by restricting overexuberant immune responses, but the same subpopulation can incur detrimental effects on antitumor responses. In both cases, the suppressor potential of T(regs) appears to be strongly influenced by their compartmentalization. In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), immune(More)
RATIONALE The implication of T cells in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is controversial. CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are pivotal in maintaining immune homeostasis, but their role in IPF pathophysiology has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVES To explore Treg dynamics and function in IPF. METHODS Treg levels and(More)
Invariant NKT (iNKT) cells modulate innate and adaptive immune responses through activation of myeloid dendritic cells and macrophages and via enhanced clonogenicity, differentiation, and egress of their shared myeloid progenitors. Because these same progenitors give rise to osteoclasts (OCs), which also mediate the egress of hematopoietic progenitors and(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a small but powerful subset of regulatory T cells involved in the modulation of a variety of normal and pathological immune responses. In contrast to conventional or other types of regulatory T cells, they are activated by glycolipid and phospholipid ligands that are presented to them by the non-polymorphic, major(More)
Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells) are a small subset of immunoregulatory T cells highly conserved in humans and mice. On activation by glycolipids presented by the MHC-like molecule CD1d, iNKT cells promptly secrete T helper 1 and 2 (Th1/2) cytokines but also cytokines with hematopoietic potential such as GM-CSF. Here, we show that the myeloid(More)
Down-regulation of conventional human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II molecules from the surface of tumor cells is an important mechanism for tumor immune evasion, survival, and progression. Whether CD1d, a nonconventional, glycolipid-presenting HLA class I-like molecule instructing the function of the immunoregulatory invariant NKT cells can affect(More)
We analyzed the expression of CD1d, an antigen-presenting molecule, on peripheral blood leukemic cells of cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) by flow cytometry. We demonstrated variable expression of CD1d on leukemic lymphocytes and an association between high expression of CD1d with shorter time to treatment and overall survival of patients. CD1d(More)
Telomere exhaustion and increased telomerase activity are associated with the acquisition of aggressive molecular events in a variety of haematological malignancies. In Philadelphia chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph(neg)MPN's), telomere dynamics during clonal evolution of these diseases have not yet been fully elucidated. Herein we(More)
Advanced stage mycosis fungoides (MF) generally has a poor prognosis, and currently there is no standard treatment available. Here we report the case of a young woman with recalcitrant tumour-stage MF (T3, stage IIb) whose disease was unresponsive to several therapeutic modalities, but who has showed sustained clinical response to pegylated liposomal(More)