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BACKGROUND Low uptake ratios, high noise, poor resolution, and low contrast all combine to make the detection of neuroendocrine liver tumours by (111)In-octreotide single photon emission tomography (SPECT) imaging a challenge. The aim of this study was to develop a segmentation analysis method that could improve the accuracy of hepatic neuroendocrine tumour(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the potential of a single-shot thick-slab RARE (rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement) sequence in fetal thoracoabdominal magnetic resonance (MR) examinations compared with multislice T2-weighted sequence and postnatal imaging. METHODS RARE sequence is rapid and provides very heavily T2-weighted images. Twenty-seven fetal(More)
The aim of this project was to develop a tool for systematic evaluation of volumetric changes after surgery for craniosynostosis. A computer program using MATLAB was developed to measure total intracranial volume and frontal volume, anterior to the coronary sutures, by multiplying the area with slice thickness of each slice from just above foramen magnum to(More)
We analyze the non-Abelian Read–Rezayi quantum Hall states on the torus, where it is natural to employ a mapping of the many-body problem onto a one-dimensional lattice model. On the thin torus—the Tao–Thouless (TT) limit—the interacting many-body problem is exactly solvable. The Read–Rezayi states at filling ν = k/(kM + 2) are known to be exact ground(More)
Metopic synostosis results in a keel-shaped forehead, reduced frontal intracranial volume (ICV), and lower frontal to total volume ratio. The ratio improves with cranioplasty, but at 3 years of age, the ratio is still not normalized when compared to that in normal children. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a low frontal to total ICV(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the current study was to determine the intracranial volume (ICV) and cephalic index (CI) in patients operated for sagittal synostosis, and to compare the outcome of 2 different surgical techniques: craniotomy combined with springs and modified pi-plasty. METHODS The authors studied all patients who had been operated for isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial volume (ICV) growth in patients with bilateral coronal craniosynostosis (BCS) is not well described. It is therefore important to evaluate the consequences of cranial surgery in children with this condition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate ICVs in patients operated on for BCS. METHODS A consecutive series of patients(More)
Premature sagittal synostosis results in an elongated, narrow skull shape, scaphocephaly. It has been unclear whether the intracranial volume (ICV) of these children is different from that of normal children. The aim of the present study was to precisely determine the ICV in a large cohort of children with premature sagittal synostosis and to compare it to(More)
Metopic synostosis results in a keel-shaped forehead, hypotelorism, and an increased interparietal width. This study aimed to measure the frontal and total intracranial volume in patients with metopic synostosis before and after surgery and to compare the effect of 2 different operation methods. All patients operated for isolated metopic synostosis between(More)
OBJECTIVE Premature craniosynostosis is a congenital disorder causing a skull deformity. For both functional and cosmetic reasons, the deformity is surgically treated with a cranioplasty before the age of 1 year. Temporal hollowing is a common and undesirable remaining deformity after cranioplasty for metopic synostosis. The most common method to determine(More)
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