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There are seven relaxin family peptides that are all structurally related to insulin. Relaxin has many roles in female and male reproduction, as a neuropeptide in the central nervous system, as a vasodilator and cardiac stimulant in the cardiovascular system, and as an antifibrotic agent. Insulin-like peptide-3 (INSL3) has clearly defined specialist roles(More)
Human gene 3 relaxin (H3 relaxin) is a member of the relaxin/insulin family of peptides. Neuropeptides mediate behavioral responses to stress and regulates appetite; however, the cell signaling mechanisms that control these events remain to be identified. The relaxin family peptide receptor 3 (RXFP3, formerly GPCR135 or SALPR) was characterized as the(More)
Relaxin family peptide 3 receptors (RXFP3) are activated by H3-relaxin to inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation and stimulate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 phosphorylation. In this study, we sought to identify novel signaling pathways coupled to RXFP3 and to investigate whether other members of the relaxin peptide family activated(More)
The discovery that drugs targeting a single G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) can differentially modulate distinct subsets of the receptor signaling repertoire has created a challenge for drug discovery at these important therapeutic targets. Here, we demonstrate that a single label-free assay based on cellular impedance provides a real-time integration of(More)
The relaxin family peptides, although structurally closely related to insulin, act on a group of four G protein-coupled receptors now known as Relaxin Family Peptide (RXFP) Receptors. The leucine-rich repeat containing RXFP1 and RXFP2 and the small peptide-like RXFP3 and RXFP4 are the physiological targets for relaxin, insulin-like (INSL) peptide 3,(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest superfamily of receptors encoded by the human genome, and represent the largest class of current drug targets. Over the last decade and a half, it has become widely accepted that most, if not all, GPCRs possess spatially distinct allosteric sites that can be targeted by exogenous substances to modulate the(More)
Antinucleosome antibodies (AnuA) are increasingly recognized as an important biomarker in the diagnosis and subset stratification of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and clinico-serological correlates of AnuA in black South Africans with SLE. We performed a cross-sectional(More)
The concepts of functional selectivity and ligand bias are becoming increasingly appreciated in modern drug discovery programs, necessitating more informed approaches to compound classification and, ultimately, therapeutic candidate selection. Using the β2-adrenergic receptor as a model, we present a proof of concept study that assessed the bias of 19(More)
The relaxin family peptides have distinct expression profiles and physiological functions. Several of them are the cognate ligands for 4 G-protein-coupled relaxin family peptide receptors (RXFPs; formerly LGR7, LGR8, GPCR135, GPCR142). The relaxin/RXFP1 system has roles in reproductive physiology but is also involved in fibrosis, wound healing and responses(More)
This study examined the functional response to human relaxin 2 (H2 relaxin), human relaxin 3 (H3 relaxin), porcine relaxin, and human INSL3 in the cytosensor microphysiometer, using CHO-K1 cells stably expressing human GPCR135. CHO-K1 cells stably expressing GPCR135 were generated by the serial dilution method and receptor properties were assessed.(More)