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In this study, quantitative real time RT-PCR has been used to monitor changes in the levels of transcripts encoding mcyD in Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806 under oxidative agents and different conditions of light intensity. Microcystin content has also been determined in the same stressed cell aliquots. Our results corroborate the fact that changes in light(More)
Fur (ferric uptake regulator) is a prokaryotic transcriptional regulator that controls a large number of genes mainly related to iron metabolism. Several Fur homologues with different physiological roles are frequently found in the same organism. The genome of the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena (Nostoc) sp. PCC 7120 codes for three different fur genes.(More)
Promoter regions of the mcy operon from Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806, which is responsible for microcystin synthesis in this organism, exhibit sequences that are similar to the sequences recognized by Fur (ferric uptake regulator). This DNA-binding protein is a sensor of iron availability and oxidative stress. In the presence of Fe(2+), a dimer of Fur(More)
Microcystins are toxins produced by cyanobacteria that entail serious health and environmental problems. They are cyclic heptapeptides synthesized via a mixed polyketide synthase/non-ribosomal peptide synthetase system called microcystin synthetase. Environmental and nutritional factors that trigger microcystin synthesis are still debated and this work(More)
The influence of environmental factors on microcystin production by toxic cyanobacteria has been extensively studied. However, the effect of nitrogen on the synthesis of this toxin remains unclear because of the literature contradictory data. The aim of this work was to determine how nitrate affects the transcriptional response of mcyD gene and the(More)
A real-time RT-PCR analysis of the transcriptional response to phosphate availability of the mcyD gene and microcystin-LR synthesis in Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806 revealed that no significant changes were observed in the relative quantification of mcyD under excess phosphate (N/P = 1:1), whereas in deficiency of this nutrient (N/P = 40:1), a steady(More)
Ferric uptake regulation (Fur) proteins are prokaryotic transcriptional regulators that integrate signaling of iron metabolism and oxidative stress responses with several environmental stresses. In photosynthetic organisms, Fur proteins regulate many genes involved in photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism and other key processes. Also, Fur triggers the(More)
The physiological role of microcystin-LR is still under discussion, and since binding of microcystin-LR to proteins different from their main cellular targets was described, we have performed experiments in order to explore this interaction. A non-specific interaction of microcystin-LR with a variety of soluble proteins in vitro is disrupted when using(More)
The interplay between Fur (ferric uptake regulator) proteins and small, non-coding RNAs has been described as a key regulatory loop in several bacteria. In the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, a large dicistronic transcript encoding the putative membrane protein Alr1690 and an α-furA RNA is involved in the modulation of the global regulator(More)
Cyanobacterial blooms are a worldwide problem due to the production of cyanotoxins such as microcystins (MCs), causing serious water pollution and public health hazard to humans and livestock. Oxidative stress plays a significant role in MCs toxicity. In the present work the differential oxidative stress responses to pure MCs, and Microcystin-containing and(More)