Emma S. Hennessey

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We have created missense mutations in the indirect flight muscle (IFM)-specific Act88F actin gene of Drosophila melanogaster by random in vitro mutagenesis. Following P element-mediated transformation into wild-type flies and subsequent transfer of the inserts into Act88F null strains, the effects of the actin mutants on the structure and function of the(More)
The use of Drosophila mutations in the indirect flight muscle-specific actin gene, Act88F, to study actin structure/function and its assembly into thin filaments during myofibrillogenesis is described. Mutants with different phenotypic effects are discussed and attempts made to correlate the different properties of the mutants in vivo-myofibrillar(More)
Protein engineering techniques have great potential for the study of muscle proteins (see reviews by Rubenstein et al., 1989; Atkinson & Stewart, 1991; Fyrberg et al., 1991; Sparrow et al., 1991). Mutated actins have been studied both in vitro (Solomon & Rubenstein, 1987; Solomon et al., 1988) and in vivo (Shortle et al., 1982; Mahaffey et al., 1985;(More)
Purified Drosophila indirect-flight-muscle actin and arthrin, an actin-ubiquitin conjugate, were ADP-ribosylated by Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin and Clostridium perfringens iota toxin. Phalloidin treatment inhibited the ADP-ribosylation of Drosophila actin and arthrin. Like actin, the ADP-ribose-arthrin linkage was sensitive towards hydroxylamine(More)
We have studied the importance of N-terminal processing for normal actin function using the Drosophila Act88F actin gene transcribed and translated in vitro. Despite having different charges as determined by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis, Act88F expressed in vivo and in vitro in rabbit reticulocyte lysate bind to DNase I with equal affinity and(More)
Two missense mutations of the flight muscle-specific actin gene of Drosophila melanogaster, Act88F, assemble into normally structured myofibrils but affect the flight ability of flies and the mechanical kinetics of isolated muscle fibers. We describe the isolation of actin from different homozygous Act88F strains, including wild-type, an Act88F null mutant(More)
We describe an experimental approach to the use of genetics to study muscle contraction in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations induced by in vitro mutagenesis are inserted into the genome of flies using P-element mediated transformation, permitting the effects of the mutant genes to be studied in vivo in the indirect flight muscles (IFMs). Details of how(More)
A single-site mutation of the flight-muscle-specific actin gene of Drosophila melanogaster causes a substitution of glutamic acid 93 by lysine in all the actin encoded in the indirect flight muscle (IFM). In these Act88FE93K mutants, myofibrillar bundles of thick and thin filaments are present but lack Z-discs and all sarcomeric repeats. Dense filament(More)
Twenty-five mutations were created in the Drosophila melanogaster Act88F actin gene by in vitro mutagenesis and the mutant actins expressed in vitro. The affinity of the mutant actins for ATP, profilin and DNase I was determined. They were also tested for conformational changes by non-denaturing gel electrophoresis. Mutations at positions 364 (highly(More)