Emma R. Parmee

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A study of 4-acylaminobenzenesulfonamides in a cloned human beta 3 adrenergic receptor assay resulted in the discovery of n-hexylurea, L-755,507 (22). This 0.43 nM beta 3 agonist, which is > 440-fold selective over both beta 1 and beta 2 binding, is among the most potent human beta 3 agonists reported to date.
Antagonism of the glucagon receptor (GCGR) represents a potential approach for treating diabetes. Cpd-A, a potent and selective GCGR antagonist (GRA) was studied in preclinical models to assess its effects on alpha cells. Studies were conducted with Cpd-A to examine the effects on glucose-lowering efficacy, its effects in combination with a dipeptidyl(More)
A novel class of 1,3,5-pyrazoles has been discovered as potent human glucagon receptor antagonists. Notably, compound 26 is orally bioavailable in several preclinical species and shows selectivity towards cardiac ion channels, other family B receptors such hGIP and hGLP1, and a large panel of enzymes and additional receptors. When dosed orally, compound 26(More)
Glucagon receptor antagonists have been actively pursued as potential therapeutics for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Peptidyl and non-peptidyl glucagon receptor antagonists have been shown to block glucagon-induced blood glucose elevation in both animals and humans. How the antagonists and the glucagon receptor interact in vivo has not been reported and(More)
A potent, selective glucagon receptor antagonist 9m, N-[(4-{(1S)-1-[3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-5-(6-methoxynaphthalen-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethyl}phenyl)carbonyl]-β-alanine, was discovered by optimization of a previously identified lead. Compound 9m is a reversible and competitive antagonist with high binding affinity (IC(50) of 6.6 nM) and functional cAMP(More)
A novel class of spiro-ureas has been discovered as potent human glucagon receptor antagonists in both binding and functional assays. Preliminary studies have revealed that compound 15 is an orally active human glucagon receptor antagonist in a transgenic murine pharmacodynamic model at 10 and 30 mpk. Compound 15 is orally bioavailable in several(More)
Hyperglucagonemia is implicated in the pathophysiology of hyperglycemia. Antagonism of the glucagon receptor (GCGR) thus represents a potential approach to diabetes treatment. Herein we report the characterization of GRA1, a novel small-molecule GCGR antagonist that blocks glucagon binding to the human GCGR (hGCGR) and antagonizes glucagon-induced(More)
Incorporation of a fluorophenyl beta-amino amide moiety into piperazine screening lead 2 has resulted in the discovery of a structurally novel series of potent and selective DP-IV inhibitors. Simplification of the molecule and incorporation of multiple fluorine atoms on the phenyl ring has provided low molecular weight analogs such as compound 32, which is(More)
Compounds containing a 1,2,3-triazole-substituted benzenesulfonamide were prepared and found to be potent and selective human beta3-adrenergic receptor agonists. The most interesting compound, trifluoromethylbenzyl analogue 12e (beta3 EC50 = 3.1 nM with >1500-fold selectivity over binding to both beta1- and beta2 receptors), stimulates lipolysis in the(More)
A series of beta-aminoamides bearing triazolopiperazines have been discovered as potent, selective, and orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors by extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies around the triazolopiperazine moiety. Among these, compound 34b with excellent in vitro potency (IC50 = 4.3 nM) against DPP-4, high(More)