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Seventy-two postmenopausal osteoporotic women having more than one nontraumatic vertebral crush fracture were studied. Thirty-six of them, aged 68.8±1.2 years (18±4 YSM-years since menopause), were treated with 100 IU/day of salmon calcitonin i.m. plus 500 mg of elemental calcium for 10 days each month. The remaining 36 patients, aged 69.6±1.4 years (19±3(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the effect of manganese (Mn) alone and with the addition of copper (Cu) in the inhibition of osteopenia induced by ovariectomy (OVX) in rats. STUDY CONDITIONS: Four lots of 100-day-old female Wistar rats were divided into experimental groups of 15 each. One group received a diet supplemented with 40 mg/kg of Mn(More)
The influence of body mass index (BMI) on T scores for total body bone mineral content (TBBMC) and regional bone mineral content (RBMC) was studied in 186 healthy women: 100 postmenopausal, 35 perimenopausal, and 51 premenopausal. The three groups were divided by BMI >25 kg/m2 and BMI <25 kg/m2 and the postmenopausal women were further subdivided by years(More)
The effectiveness of calcitonin on the vertebral fracture rate in postmenopausal osteoporosis was assessed through the skeletal deformity index (SDI) and the new vertebral fracture rate per 100 patient-years in a group of 32 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis treated by us with 100 IU of salmon calcitonin and 500 mg of elemental calcium for 10(More)
Total body bone mineral content (TBBM), body fat content (BF), and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured in 154 children using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Total body calcium level (TBCa) was calculated from TBBM. Children were divided into groups according to Tanner's stages 1, 2, 4, and 5. Children in stage 3 were not included in the study in(More)
Total body bone mineral content (TBBMC) and regional bone mineral content (BMC) was measured in the members of the Spanish National Dance Company (15 female, mean age 25.1±3.8 years, and 15 male, mean age 28.2±2.1 years) and in 30 controls (15 women, mean age 26.1±1.8 years, and 15 mean, mean age 28.0±1.5 years). Ca, P, and Mg intake were greater in the(More)
The hypothesis that a zinc (Zn) deficit may cause osteopenia in athletes is well founded. In rats exposed to strenuous exercise, we evaluated the effect of a zinc supplement on femoral and vertebral bone mass determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Four lots of 93-day-old female Wistar rats were studied. A control group of 30 rats were not(More)
The effect of sports activity on bone mass was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in a group of 22 young cyclists aged 16.2 +/- 0.7 years. These athletes trained for 10 hours a week for over two years. Bone mass values were compared with those of 27 sedentary youngsters aged 16.9 +/- 0.3 years. There were no differences in total body bone mineral(More)
Bibliographic references seem very controversill regarding the most appropriate anatomical area for bone mass estimation. Since some overlapping in the different bone mass measurements among normal and osteoporotic females has been observed, we have studied the bone mineral content of the pelvic bone through DEXA, and have correlated it with the total body(More)
Eighty-one women were studied longitudinally to measure trabecular bone mineral density (BMDTrab) and cortical bone mineral density (BMDCorti) in the distal radius by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) at intervals of about 1 year and to calculate the rate of percent change/year. Fifty-three women were naturally postmenopausal [mean age 63.3(More)