Emma Louise Cunningham

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Pain may adversely affect cognition through its effects on mood and sleep, and chronic pain has been associated with brain atrophy. Studies suggest that chronic pain is undertreated in cognitively impaired people. Pain assessment should involve direct enquiry with the patient; where this is not possible, a proxy history from a caregiver or nurse should be(More)
A rapid-access but limited vocabulary communication aid for the nonvocal and speech impaired is useful in some well defined situations. The design and construction of such a device is described. Three distinct situations have been identified where an aid is essential and an initial evaluation has shown the Pocket Speech Aid to be very successful.
OBJECTIVE In recent years, there has been a blossoming of studies examining cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a method of studying the pathophysiology of delirium. We systematically reviewed the literature for CSF studies in delirium and provide here a summary of the implications for our understanding of delirium pathophysiology. We also summarise the methods(More)
A portable, battery-powered communication aid with speech output, which can be operated by patients with limited finger control, is described. The device is sufficiently versatile to try out different methods of selection of words or phrases in the search for an acceptable, portable communication aid for the speech impaired.
The Minimalist Program in current linguistic theory seeks to explain linguistic structure in terms of economy principles, under the assumption that the human language faculty is a perfect system that performs only enough work to satisfy interface requirements. We consider processing costs as a property of syntactic computation and propose that these(More)
Challenges to pharmacological management in this patient group include treatment concordance, comorbidity, polypharmacy, and age-related physiological changes affecting pharmacokinetics. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is generally recommended as a first-choice analgesic in osteoarthritis pain. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be(More)
Dementia is a progressive, irreversible decline in cognition that, by definition, impacts on a patient's pre-existing level of functioning. The clinical syndrome of dementia has several aetiologies of which Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common. Drug development in AD is based on evolving pathophysiological theory. Disease modifying approaches include(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of inferred low-frequency HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in MSM in the UK and its predicted effect on first-line therapy. METHODS The HIV-1 pol gene was amplified from 442 newly diagnosed MSM identified as likely recently infected by serological avidity testing in 2011-13. The PCR products were sequenced by(More)