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A recently discovered antibiotic (CDA; calcium-dependent antibiotic) of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) was found to be effective against a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria only in the presence of calcium ions. Producer and non-producer strains were identified and several media tested for their ability to support antibiotic production. The action of(More)
The secreted nodulation-signaling protein NodO was purified from the supernatant of cultures of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae. The native protein has a M(r) of approximately 67,000, suggesting that it exists as a dimer since the DNA sequence predicts a M(r) of 30,002. Pure NodO protein had no protease, pectinase, or cellulase activity, and no(More)
Ca(2+) within intracellular stores (luminal Ca(2+)) is believed to play a role in regulating Ca(2+) release into the cytosol via the inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3))-gated Ca(2+) channel (or Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor). To investigate this, we incorporated purified Type 1 Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor from rat cerebellum into planar lipid bilayers and(More)
Porins, such as Escherichia coli OmpF, provide the only reported example of a voltage-gated channel where the three-dimensional structure is known to high resolution. Mutations that affect voltage-gating are clustered around the eyelet region, which is a mid-channel constriction caused by a polypeptide loop (L3) folding inside the lumen of this beta-barrel(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine consumers' readiness to change to a plant-based diet. DESIGN Mail survey that included questions on readiness to change, eating habits and perceived benefits and barriers to the consumption of a plant-based diet. SETTING Victoria, Australia. SUBJECTS A total of 415 randomly selected adults. RESULTS In(More)
In a study of influences on meat consumption, over 700 South Australians answered questions on frequency of meat consumption, beliefs about meat and nutrition, perceived difficulties with and benefits of vegetarian diets, personal values, number of vegetarian significant others, use in and trust of health/nutrition/food information sources, and demography.(More)
Single OmpC porin channels have been reconstituted in planar bilayer membranes. Wild-type OmpC forms trimers which are largely insensitive to voltages below 250 mV.A single-point mutation of the ompC gene has been prepared resulting in replacement of Trp56 by Cys in the eyelet region of the channel wall in a highly conserved segment of the polypeptide. The(More)
An open reading frame in the genomic database of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv was identified as having homology with an outer membrane protein. We found that the gene specified a protein belonging to the OmpA family, which includes some porins of gram-negative organisms. The gene was amplified by PCR and cloned into Escherichia coli. Overexpression of(More)
Purified OmpF, OmpC, NmpC, PhoE and Lc (Protein 2) porins from the Escherichia coli outer membrane were incorporated into planar phospholipid bilayer membranes and the permeability properties of the pores studied. Triton X-100 solubilised porin samples showed large and reproducible increases in membrane conductivity composed of discreet single-channel(More)