Emma L Turley

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Deficiencies of antioxidant nutrients have been implicated in the etiology of lung and other cancers. However, most intervention trials with antioxidant nutrients have not shown beneficial effects, and some have indicated that beta-carotene may be deleterious. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of five short-term(More)
"Intimal cushions" which develop in the late gestation lamb ductus arteriosus (DA) are characterized by smooth muscle cells migrating into a large subendothelial space. Our previous in vitro studies, comparing DA cells with those from the aorta (Ao), have shown, even in early gestation, a 10-fold increase in DA endothelial incorporation of hyaluronan into(More)
No sensitive functional index is currently available to assess Cu status in healthy human populations. This study evaluated the effect of Cu supplementation on putative indices of Cu status in twelve women and twelve men, aged between 22 and 45 years, who participated in a double-blind placebo controlled crossover study. The study consisted of three 6-week(More)
The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Copper (Cu) is essential for antioxidant enzymes in vivo and animal studies show that Cu deficiency is accompanied by increased atherogenesis and LDL susceptibility to oxidation. Nevertheless, Cu has been proposed as a(More)
The influence of Cu supplementation of the usual diet for 6 weeks on biochemical markers of bone turnover and on putative indices of Cu status was investigated in healthy adults (twelve male and twelve female) aged 22-46 years, who participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled repeated crossover study. The study consisted of three 6-week supplementation(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Copper is routinely used in the laboratory to promote oxidation in vitro. However, copper concentrations are million-fold higher than physiological concentrations and, in contrast, accumulating evidence suggests that copper may have an antioxidant role in vivo. The aim of this study was to provide data on how increased intake of copper(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil with or without vitamin E on plasma vitamin antioxidants. Thirty-three apparently healthy women aged 18–28 yr were recruited from the university environs, and 30 completed the double-blinded, parallel design supplementation trial. Blood samples were collected at baseline (week 0) and following(More)
The effect of low-dose fish oil supplementation on cytokines and white cell function in women was investigated. Thirty-three healthy, nonsmoking women entered the double-blind study. For 4 weeks, 2.4 g of either fish oil (n = 16) or fish oil with vitamin E (n = 17) was added daily to the subjects' otherwise unchanged diets. Venous blood samples were taken(More)
BACKGROUND The formation of coronary artery neointima experimentally induced in piglets after cardiac transplantation is related to an immune-inflammatory reaction associated with increased expression of T cells and inflammatory mediators (tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1 beta) and upregulation of fibronectin. In vivo blockade of tumour(More)
Thematic analysis is widely used in qualitative psychology research, and in this article, we present a particular style of thematic analysis known as Template Analysis. We outline the technique and consider its epistemological position, then describe three case studies of research projects which employed Template Analysis to illustrate the diverse ways it(More)