Emma L. Holder

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BACKGROUND The cytoskeleton plays an important role in maintaining cell structure and integrity. Defects in cytoskeletal proteins can cripple cell strength and may cause cardiomyopathy. We analyzed heart tissues from subjects with dilated cardiomyopathy for abnormalities in the cardiac cytoskeleton. Metavinculin, a cardiac isoform of the cytoskeletal(More)
The protein product of the myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene is a putative serine-threonine protein kinase (DM kinase). Previous reports have characterized the DM gene product as various 50-62-kDa proteins. The predicted protein size from DM cDNA sequence is 69 kDa. We therefore expressed a full-length recombinant human DM kinase protein and compared its size(More)
5'-mutations in the dystrophin gene can result in cardiomyopathy without clinically-apparent skeletal myopathy. The effect of dystrophin mutations on the assembly and stability of the dystrophin associated protein (DAP) complex in human heart are not fully understood. The molecular defect in the dystrophin complex was explored in a family with an X-linked(More)
mRNA can be copied into cDNA with the use of reverse transcriptase so that the relative abundance of individual mRNAs is reflected in the cDNA product. With further manipulation a replica of the mRNA expression pattern can be duplicated into a radioactive double-stranded DNA probe. DNA from a series of genes inserted into plasmids can be fixed to a membrane(More)
The role of microtubules in modulating cardiomyocyte beta-adrenergic response was investigated in rats with cardiac hypertrophy. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent stenosis of the abdominal aorta (hypertensive, HT) or sham operation (normotensive, NT). Echocardiography and isolated left ventricular cardiomyocyte dimensions demonstrated cardiac hypertrophy(More)
Transgenic mice expressing polyomavirus large T antigen (PVLT) in cardiomyocytes develop a cardiac hypertrophy in adulthood. Morphometric analysis identified cardiomyocytes enlarged up to ninefold in cross-sectional area in the adult transgenic hearts compared with normal age-matched nontransgenic hearts. Most enlarged cardiomyocytes were found in the(More)
Polyomavirus large T-antigen transgenic mice develop cardiac hypertrophy characterized by an increase in atrial natriuretic factor and β-myosin heavy chain isoform expression. The aim of this study was to examine changes in proto-oncogene expression in hypertrophied hearts from the transgenic mice. Expression of early growth response-1 (Egr-1) mRNA was(More)
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