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BACKGROUND Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) therapy provides sufficient conditions for progressive subcutaneous fat wasting in HIV-infected patients. As NRTI-induced host toxicity is proposed to involve cellular mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion, determinants of cellular mtDNA copy number and mitochondrial mass in adipocyte(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the in vivo effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens on adipose tissue mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion, mitochondrial organellar proliferation, and markers of adipocyte differentiation and phenotype. DESIGN AND METHODS DNA and mRNA quantification using real-time PCR methods was performed on adipose tissue(More)
Nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase-gamma inhibition and subsequent mtDNA depletion. Effects on mtDNA mutation, although suggested by critical involvement of polymerase-gamma in DNA-repair reactions, are unknown. In the(More)
BACKGROUND To date, drug response genes have not proved as useful in clinical practice as was anticipated at the start of the genomic era. An exception is in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection with pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (PegIFN/R). Viral clearance is achieved in 40%-50% of patients. Interleukin 28B(More)
BACKGROUND Myeloproliferative neoplasms constitute a group of diverse chronic myeloid malignancies that share pathogenic features such as acquired mutations in the JAK2, TET2, CBL and MPL genes. There are recent reports that a JAK2 gene haplotype (GGCC or 46/1) confers susceptibility to JAK2 mutation-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Many different techniques have been designed for the quantification of JAK2V617F allelic burden, sometimes producing discrepant results. DESIGN AND METHODS JAK2V617F quantification techniques were compared among 16 centers using 11 assays based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction (with mutation-specific primers or probes, or fluorescent(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of morbidity in HIV infected individuals. Coinfection with HIV is associated with diminished HCV-specific immune responses and higher HCV RNA levels. AIMS To investigate whether long-term combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) restores HCV-specific T cell responses and improves the control(More)
OBJECTIVES HLA-B*5701 strongly predicts abacavir hypersensitivity (HSR), but implementation of effective routine screening into clinical practice requires testing be practical and accurate. We tested the proficiency of HLA-B*5701 typing among laboratories using sequence-specific primer PCR. DESIGN AND METHODS DNA panels (1 and 2) were distributed to seven(More)
BACKGROUND A number of international research groups have developed DNA quantitation assays in order to investigate the role of mitochondrial DNA depletion in anti-retroviral therapy-induced toxicities. OBJECTIVES A collaborative study was undertaken to evaluate intra-assay precision and between laboratory concordance of measurements of mitochondrial DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoatrophy and metabolic complications of treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may share common associations with adipose tissue pathology and inflammation. To investigate these relationships, we undertook a large-scale study of adipose tissue, body composition, and metabolic outcomes among HIV-infected adult men at a(More)