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Recent reports suggest that polymorphisms in the carbonic anhydrase gene CA6 (also known as gustin) may explain additional variation in the bitterness of 6-n-propylthiouracil beyond that explained by variation in the bitter receptor gene TAS2R38. CA6 (gustin) has been implicated in taste bud function and salivary buffer capacity. In the present study we(More)
The sense of taste is often referred to as a 'nutritional gatekeeper', thought to have evolved to indicate energy sources and prevent ingestion of potential toxins. Fungiform papillae are structures on the anterior tongue in which taste buds are situated. They are concentrated at the tongue's tip and they can provide a useful estimate of overall taste bud(More)
BACKGROUND Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic(More)
Childhood obesity is an increasing problem in the Western world, and is affected by a multitude of interacting factors. Recent evidence suggests that taste perception may differ between obese and normal weight children. Evidence also suggests that perception of sweet and bitter taste is linked to differential food liking of various foods. To date, most(More)
Taste buds are found on the tongue in 3 types of structures: the fungiform papillae, the foliate papillae, and the circumvallate papillae. Of these, the fungiform papillae (FP) are present in the greatest numbers on the tongue, and are thought to be correlated to the overall number of taste buds. For this reason, FP density on the tongue is often used to(More)
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