Learn More
Ral proteins are members of the Ras superfamily of small GTPases and are involved in signalling pathways for actin cytoskeleton remodelling, cell cycle control, cellular transformation and vesicle transport. To identify novel RalA effector proteins, we used the reverse Ras recruitment system and found that RalA interacts with a Y-box transcription factor,(More)
Members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family and growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF-5) have been implicated in joint specification, but their roles in subsequent cavity formation are not defined. Cavity formation (cavitation) depends upon limb movement in embryonic chicks and factors involved in joint formation are often identified by their(More)
Radioactive microspheres (14Ce- and 46Sc-labelled) were used to show that the 5 major pre-ovulatory follicles receive about half of the ovarian blood flow. A progressive increase in the blood flow to these pre-ovulatory follicles during their maturation was observed. Blood flow to the post-ovulatory follicles was low. The administration of PGF-2 alpha was(More)
It is well established that local modification of extracellular matrix (ECM) hyaluronan composition is vital in the regulation of cell behavior. Indeed, the formation of articulating chick joint cavities, which requires mechanical stimuli derived from skeletal movement, is dependent upon the accumulation of an ECM rich in hyaluronan (HA). However, the(More)
Epithelial tight junctions participate in the regulation of gene expression by controlling the activity of transcription factors that can interact with junctional components. One such protein is the Y-box transcription factor ZONAB/DbpA that binds to ZO-1, a component of the junctional plaque. Symplekin, another nuclear protein that can associate with tight(More)
A ferredoxin associated with biological Fe-S cluster assembly has been remodelled to transfer electrons to a P450 enzyme and support substrate oxidation at 80% of the physiological ferredoxin activity, opening up the possibility of tailoring ferredoxins to reconstitute the activity of P450 enzymes for which the electron transfer partner proteins are not(More)
We report, for the first time, the biotransformation of potential pollutants bearing the pentafluorosulfanyl (SF5-) functional group in a fungus and bacteria. Cunninghamella elegans transformed p-methoxy phenyl SF5 via demethylation; Pseudomonas knackmussii and P. pseudoalcaligenes KF707 transformed amino-, hydroxyamino- and diamino- substituted phenyl SF5,(More)
Articular chondrocytes are a unique set of cells from the time the cellular condensations that become the anlagen of the long bones develop in the embryo. In the presumptive joint the cells of the opposing bones are packed very closely together, but at cavitation, the central, flattened cells move apart to form the articular surfaces. As the articular(More)
Pancuronium bromide (PB) is used in neonates and pregnant women to induce limp, flaccid paralysis in order to allow mechanical ventilation during intensive care. Such non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs are administered to 0.1% of all human births in the UK. In this study, we examined PB effects on skeletal development in chick embryos. PB(More)
Micrococcus luteus isolated from human skin secretes an alkaline protease which degrades elastin. M. luteus protease (MLP) was produced in the late logarithmic and stationary phases of growth. MLP, purified to homogeneity by a three-step process, had a molecular mass of 32,812 Da and an isoelectric point of 9.3. MLP was active and highly stable in solution(More)